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I - PUBLISHERS
Carmelo Ibarra (1909-1912)
Published postcards of regional views, types, and events in tinted halftone and in black & white.
Illustrated Post Card 1904-1914
This major publisher produced a wide variety of tinted halftone postcards in series that were printed by Emil Pinkau in Leipzig, Saxony. Each city or location of their color card sets were assigned the same number prefix. They also published an unnumbered series of chromolithographic fine art cards that were printed in Dresden. Many of their early cards do not have their name on them, only their distinct eagle logo.
Their best known cards are from a very large set that captured scenes throughout the City of New York. These cards tended to use brighter than average colors and were titled in a very distinct font. Similar cards, but with more subdued writing, appeared afterwards depicting scenes from the surrounding regions such as Long Island.
In 1909 they stopped importing cards from Germany and began printing their own. A large number of black & white cards were produced in a more open halftone with some being poorly hand colored. These black & white cards were numbered consecutively.
Illustrated Post Card Co. (1907-1915)
A publishes of Canadian views as black & white and tinted collotypes. Their cards were made in Germany.
Friedrich & Christian Imberger (1905-1935)
Members of the messianic German Templar Colony who ran a tourist shop near Jerusalem’s Jaffa Gate. In addition to producing photo-chromolithographic postcards they published the Holly Land Book with illustrations in chromolithography. Many of their images were based on the photographs of August Trub.
Imperial Center for Nature Conservation (1930’s-1947)
This animal welfare group published Natural Protection Postcards, (Natuurschutz-Postkarten) to help raise funds for their cause. Groups such as this became very popular after the National Socialists came to power as they both tied into the naturalism within German mythology. These cards were manufactured through process printing and placed on paper rather than card stock.
Import Post Card Co. (1907-1912)
A publisher of comic cards and view-cards depicting scenes of Indiana in color and monochrome. Their cards were printed in Germany.
Indiana News Co. (1909-)
A local publisher and distributor of postcards for the American News Company.
Alexander Adam Inglis 1881-1949
A photographer who published souvenir picture books and printed postcards. Most cards were printed as fine tinted halftones under the Ingle Series name. While most were view-cards other topics like dressed animals were also produced. Alex provided photos for the company until 1916. His son, Francis C. Inglis, who was also a photographer produced real photo cards up to his death in 1940. The family continued selling photographs and postcards until 1949.
Inland Printing Co. (1906-1908)
A publisher of regional view-cards and images of American Indians. They later moved to Walla Walla.
Interborough News Co. (1934-1940)
A local distributor of newspapers, magazines, and postcards. Their cards covered a wide range of topics from views, to the New York World’s Fair, and the Everyday Comics postcards published by Curt Teich. In 1940 Mayor LaGuardia led a personal campaign against the companies owner, Julius Stoltz, and issued a warrant for his arrest for distributing the girlie magazine Man to Man.
International Art Co. (Inter-Art Co.) 1909-1931
Published artist drawn cards depicting romantic, glamour, comic, patriotic, and other themes. Especially known for the Katchy Kid series and their cards printed during World War One. Many of these cards were made through tricolor printing.
International Art Publishing Co. Ltd. (1895-1915)
In 1895 Wolf & Co. and the Art Lithographic Publishing Co. founded this subsidiary (International Art Publishing Co.) to take over production of their holiday and souvenir cards. Samuel Garre, the manager of the Art Lithographic Publishing Company assumed management of this new entity. They would grow into an important publisher of artist signed cards, which were printed in Germany.
International Mutoscope Reel Co. 1926-1949
Published arcade cards of pinups and cartoons. Their early cards were printed in the United States as halftones in line block but they eventually switched to offset lithography. The words A Mutoscope Card appear on the front. They also produced Mutoscopes, a type of coin operated, hand cranked motion picture machine that dominated peepshows. These were remakes of the original machines manufactured by the American Mutoscope Company that operated between 1895 and 1906. The cards they produced for arcade dispensers are not the same cards used inside the mutoscopes.
International Post Card Co. (1903-1920)
A publisher of hand colored view-cards in heliotype. They were made in Germany.
International Postal Card Co. (1908-1910)
Published hand colored and printed color postcards, some of which were embossed. These cards largely covered holiday, fantasy, and comic themes, but they produced international views as well. They were manufactured in both Germany and Austria.
The International Publishing Co. (1911-1913)
A publisher of artist signed postcards promoting Communist ideology. They are noted for their reproductions of posters exposing the evils of Capitalism.
Island Curio Co. (1898-1930’s)
Founded by James Steiner in 1890 as the Island Curio Store. They published view-cards of Hawaiian scenes using a number of different printers. Many of their private mail cards carry a small monochrome vignette on the tab with an Aloha Nui greeting. Noted for a large colorful series of postcards displaying local fish on a blank backdrop. Their later cards tend to be more generic in nature and of much lower quality.
Ives Process Co. (1880’s-1890’s)
Frederic Ives was a pioneer in reproducing photographs in natural color. In the early 1880’s he discovered a way of creating color separations from panchromatic film by using color filters and he then transferred these separations to plates for tricolor printing by means of a halftone screen. His firm used the Ives process to manufacture printing plates for many printing houses, but eventually most printers figured out his methods and performed them in house. Cards with the Ives name embossed into them may have been used as samples of their work and not meant for retail sale.
In 1932 the hundreds of diverse publishing houses in the Soviet Union were organized into a single monopoly under the name IZOGIZ. They produced a wide variety of products including postcards but were particular to the subjects that were covered. Most of these cards were artist drawn often commemorating historic themes of the Revolution long after they occurred. While most cards were issued for propaganda purposes, not all were blatantly so. They also reproduced many works of art. Their cards were largely manufactured through tricolor printing with a number of variations. There were also other specialized printing houses under their control operating under different names.