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Photoglob Co. 1895-
A subsidiary of Orell Fussli Holding AG, and a major publisher of international view-cards and other pictorial material. Known as printer of high standing that utilized a number of different printing methods. This firm was originally founded in 1889 as Photochromic & Co. in order to reproduce paintings. In 1895 they merged with the prining firm of Schroder & Co. to form Photoglob Aktiengesellschaft & Co. They became an early producer of black & white Gruss aus cards. While these cards lacked the typical diverse pallet they contained elaborate graphic design work.
Though Photoglob is best recognized for their brightly colored photochrom postcards, they began by producing many Swiss views in in delicate monotone photogravure. These and their real photo postcards were manufactured in Switzerland.
Photoglob is best known for the photochrom process (Aäc), which they sparingly licensed out. The cards printed by this method are often characterized by a very large and vibrant pallet. A great many of these cards depict views of the Alps extending well beyond the Swiss border but they were not confined to this region alone. Many other cards are of generic views from broad panoramas to small intimate landscapes depicting the ordinary. Photochroms were printed until 1970. Their prints were distributed by the Detroit Publishing Company in the United States.
In 1924 they merged with Wehrli AG to become Photoglob-Wehrli & Co. AG and began producing a number of quality artist signed postcards in addition to their many view-cards. These often revolved around local traditions and narratives. Four years later in 1928 there was yet another merger, this time with Vouga & Co to become Photoglob-Wehrli & Vouga AG.
In the 1950’’s Photoglob was publishing hand colored real photo postcards. Most of this production switched over to four color offset lithography by the 1960’s
Photo-Type Post Card Co. (1908)
A photo engraving company that produced postcards using a photo-gelatin process with a high gloss finish. Some of their cards can almost be mistaken for photographs.
Phototypie Co. (1912-1931)
A publisher of postcards, mostly regional views as black & white, monotone, and tinted collotypes. They produced a number of real photo postcards as well.
Pictoral Card Co.
Published view-cards of New York City in black & white, sepia, and tinted halftones.
Pictorial Post Card Co. (1904-1909)
A publisher of view-cards, novelty cards, actors and actresses, and comic cards by Donald McGill. Their cards were issued under the Empire Series name, which was often only represented by the initials E.S.
Pictorial Stationary Co., Ltd. 1897-1914
A publisher of postcards and other lithographic printed materials. Once they began printing standard sized cards in 1902 they were issued under a variety of different trade names. Their Autochrom series were of tinted halftones. Other types of cards included Pictorcrom, Black Frame, Stylochrom, Platino Photo, and Platino-Frosted. Most of these cards depicted views with some of them being artist drawn. These cards were printed in Leipzig, Saxony.
Pillsbury’s Pictures, Inc. 1906-1946
Photographer Arthur Clarence Pillsbury began his career in 1887 after inventing an early version of the Cirkut Camera. He used this panoramic camera to photograph the Yukon in 1900. Between 1906 and 1927 he divided his time spending half the year in his Oakland shop and the rest at his new Studio of the Three Arrows in Yosemite National Park. It was there he began publishing real photo postcards and became the largest distributor of photo views, selling an average of 5,000 per day in season. One of the photo techniques he worked in was orotone, and many postcards were made to simulate the same golden effects. Pillsbury shot a great many images of San Francisco and the aftermath of that city’s earthquake in 1906. He also captured other subjects such as the Great White Fleet and Native Americans. He is responsible for many technical innovations including the invention of the time lapse camera and X-ray motion pictures.
Stanley A. Piltz Co. (1930’s-1950’s)
A photographer who published many linen view-cards depicting scenes of California, especially of the San Francisco Bay area. Some of these cards are labeled Pictorial Wonderland, Art Tone Series on the back. Curt Teich printed most of these cards for Piltz.
Emil Pinkau & Co. (1880-1926)
Lithographic printer of books, maps, pictorial souvenir booklets, and possibly the largest printer of postcards in Germany. His earliest work was in monochrome but he started using color about 1897. Published a large set of cards depicting the Ottoman Empire for Max Fruhtermann beginning in 1895. Also printed cards for American and Canadian publishers such as the Illustrated Post Card Company and the Canadian Pacific Railway.
Pittsburg Press 1887-1992
An evening daily press that printed cut out coupons in their newspaper once a week in 1905 that could be redeemed for the postcards they also printed. There were 16 cards in all depicting local views in black & white halftones. These images were distinguished by white borders with soft printed edges.
P. J. Plant (1904-1908)
A publisher of postcards and souvenir booklets. While the produced view-cards much of their output was oriented toward novelties such as the spirit-graph and song cards as well as romance postcards.
A photographer who was one of the first to sell black & white, and hand colored collotype postcard images of Vietnam from his shop in Saigon. Plante received recognition after his work was included in the Colonial Fair in Marseilles, France.
Plate Co., Ltd. 1890-
Husband and wife Photographers A.W.A. and Clara Plate set up a photo studio in Columbo’s Bristol Hotel in 1890. From there they produced their photographs and had many of these images printed in souvenir books and as postcards. After opening branches in Nuwara, Eliya, and Kandy, they became the leading supplier of postcards from this Country. They produced high quality view-cards of local scenes as monochrome collotypes and tricolor prints.
They also published a series of artist signed cards under the name Plâté’s “Art” Post Card. More than just scenery these cards tried to project an exotic flavor of the landscape and the activities within it.
The Platinachrome Co. 1906-1907
This firm was founded as an equal partnership between Joseph Byron, William W. Carter, Karl Gut, and Alexander Malcolm. They published artist signed cards in sets such as College Girls, National Girls, and Sporting Girls, along with view-cards that included candid scenes of New York street life. Most of their cards seem to have been printed in the United States in tinted lithography.
E. Polack-Schneider (1910)
Important publishers of regional view-cards from both Bolivia and Peru. Many of their scenes capture the remains of the Inca Empire. The photographer G. Morganroth supplied many of the images used for these cards.
Portland Post Card Co. (1907-1916)
Published many view-cards of scenes from the American West coast including Alaska. They were the official publisher of postcards for the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition in 1909.
Postage Stamp Machine Co. (1948-1960)
A manufacturer of postage stamp vending machines. They began publishing postcards printed in Curteichcolor and adapted some of their machines to dispense them.
Post Card & Greeting Card Co. Ltd. (1920’s-1935)
A publisher of postcards and greeting cards printed in tinted halftone. These cards were manufactured in Canada.
Post Card Distributing Co. (1911-1919)
A publisher and distributor of tinted halftone postcards depicting regional scenes.
Post Card Exchange Publishers 1909-1919
The Post Card Exchange was a store that sold postcards. By 1912 they added a lunch counter to increase costumers illustrating the social atmosphere that sometimes revolved around card shops of this period. They also became the primary publisher of local view-cards, though they produced national views, greetings, and some maps as well. This business was founded by William H. Faulkner, who originally came to Birmingham in 1903 as a traveling cigar salesman for the R.D. Burnett Cigar Company. In 1919 he was forced to add new items to his inventory in order to make ends meet as the public’s interest in postcards diminished. The name of this new company, Falkner Novelties was again changed to Falkner Variety and Novelty Store in 1937, which remained in operation until his death in 1946. His postcards were printed in tinted halftone line block in the United States.
Louis Prang & Co. 1860-1898
The most important printer and publisher of chromolithographic prints in 19th century America. Prang had worked in his father’s calico printing factory in Prussia, but also extensively studied the printing throughout Europe. He fled to Switzerland after the German Revolution in 1848 and then moved to the United States two years later. He found work with a number of publishers, including Frank Leslie, before going into partnership with Julius Mayer on 1856. By 1960 he formed his own firm, Louis Prang & Company. He became well known through the maps and battle scenes produced during the American Civil War, and the 800 or so art prints that followed. His emphasis on tonal qualities over line work gave his prints a distinct look. In 1875 he became the first to publish Christmas cards in the United States and continued to do so until 1890. While these were not postcards many were of a similar size and they were often sent through the mail as such. Prang took a strong interest in printing techniques and color theory, publishing books on the subjects. He also saw that there was no future in chromolithography in the face of photomechanical reproduction; so he sold his firm to the Tabor Art Company in 1898. They ran it as the Tabor Prang Art Company until 1937.
Arthur M. Prentiss 1908-1940
In 1908 Prentiss began his career in photography on the Oregon coast where he worked from his home in Marshfield. His travels led him to become a founding member of the Trails Club of Oregon. Soon after he moved to Portland where he found work with the Union Pacific Railroad providing them with images for brochures and postcards. By 1913 he joined the staff of the Weister Studio, but left in 1917 to form Gifford & Prentiss, Inc. in partnership with Benjamin Gifford. This partnership was dissolved when Gifford retired in 1920. Two years later Prentiss bought out the studio of his old employer Weister. The Prentiss Studio in turn was bought out by the Angelus Commercial Studio in 1932, who used his work without giving him credit. Prentiss however continued to work as a photographer and many of his photos were used by other publishers to create printed view-cards into the 1940’s. During the Great Depression he worked for the Farm Security Administration documenting the lives of poor farmers until his death in 1940.
Founded as Svenska Telegrambyran in 1899 this convenience store chain changed its name to Svenska Pressbyran in 1906. Over the years they published and sold view-cards of Sweden in a wide variety of printing styles. They also published many cards of ferries.
John Price & Sons 1830’s-
Price was a writer who leaned how to print his own books. This ability led him to begin publishing the work of others, a tradition carried on by his sons by mid century. As they began producing tinted collotype postcards of local views they also started printing cards for other publishers.
Prieur & Dubois & Co. (1899-1926)
Printers of paper ephemera including various types of postcards. They were an early pioneer of the tricolor process. Marie Dubois also served in the French Parlement between 1910 and 1932.
Thomas Pringle & Co. (1905-1907)
Pringle was a photographer noted for his images of the Maori. These pictures were produced as carbon prints and also made into tinted collotype postcards under the G. & G. Series name.
A printer who published a series of monotone postcards in halftone lithography reproducing the war-time drawings of Marshal Davis. Issued under the Deep Etch series name, these cards depicted scenes from the life of ordinary soldiers.
Progressive Publications, Inc. (1957-1964)
A publisher of photochrome view-cards depicting scenes of the New York metropolitan area in both standard and continental size.
R. Promberger (1910-1922)
A publisher and bookseller who also produced a number of postcards. These cards included a large amount of sepia views and tricolor images of ethnic types from the Austrian Empire and the Balkans.
Provincetown Advocate (1869-2000)
A local newspaper that published and distributed about 10,000 view-cards depicting tourist populated Provincetown and the surrounding areas of outer Cape Cod. They published their first card around 1902 when Howard F. Hopkins was editor. Many other postcards by H. A Dickerman, Metropolitan News, Rotograph, and Valentine & Sons and others were sold directly out of their offices. The newspaper once provided weekly announcements of new postcard arrivals. Merged into the Provincetown Banner in 2000.
Prudential Insurance Company of America 1875-
Founded by John F. Dryden to provide burial insurance they quickly expanded into a larger more encompassing firm. They were strong on marketing their product and saw the potential in using postcards very early on. Cards were made depicting their various offices as well as general scenery across the Country all with some advertising on their backs, and were given away in promotions. Today postcards are still made available to their agents and they have begun promoting eCards over the Internet as well.
The Public Ledger
A local newspaper with a history of embracing innovation. They were early users of the Pony Express, the telegraph, and rotary presses. After being purchased by the New York Times in 1902 they began distributing postcards with their Sunday paper. These newspaper cards largely depicted local views. The Leger became one of the Cyrus Curtis papers in 1913.
E.D. Putnam & Sons (1930-1945)
Photographers who published both printed and real photo cards of national views.
Puget Sound News Co. (1887-)
A publisher and distributor of local postcards for the American News Company.
George Pulman & Sons Ltd. (1902-1949)
A bookseller who printed and published many lithographic postcards in sets, particularly during World War One. These included a set on military terms and cartoons, plus artist signed political cards by the Dutch artist Raemaeker.
Purger & Co. (1907-1920)
A publisher of European view-cards in photo-chromolithography.
Putnam Art Co. (1910-1915)
Published black & white view-cards of New England that were crudely hand colored.