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The Metropolitan News Co. (1904-1916)
A major publisher and printer of view-cards in color, black & white, sepia, and with hand coloring in both halftones and in collotype. They captured views throughout the American Northeast but postcards of New England scenery were produced in greatest number. Many of their cards have a heavy look resembling early chromolithographs. They had a close relationship with Robbins Brothers for who they made many postcards. Their cards were printed in Germany. The name Metropolitan News & Publishing Company appears on some cards.
Gebruder Metz G.m.b.H. (1899-)
These publishers produced lithographic and real photo postcards of regional types and views. They expanded to include view-cards of the Middle East and propaganda cards by World War One. They were producing photochome cards in the 1960’s when they merged with an old Salzburg firm that manufactured promotional material, books, and souvenirs. This new enterprise, Risch-Lau & Gebr. Metz m.b.H. continues to publish postcards in addition to their stock photo business.
Gebruder Metz (1898-1919)
The Metz Brothers were early art publishers of Swiss Gruss aus view-cards as black & white, sepia, and tinted collotypes. They also produced hold-to-light transparency cards under the famous Meteor name for which they held a registered design.
Metz & Lautz G.m.b.H. (1906-1918)
A publisher of illustrated books and postcards depicting views and types. They produced cards in black & white as well as photo-chromolithographs.
Mezzogravure Co. Ltd. 1910-1916
A subsidiary of the Anglo Engraving Company founded by Edward Hunter and J.A. Hughes. They developed and utilized the mezzogravure process in their printing. The business was sold to the Sun Engraving Company in 1916.
Mid-Continent News Co. (1920’s-1960)
A publisher and distributor of postcards depicting regional views and cowboy song sets.
Midland Publishing Co. (1912-1914)
A publisher of holiday and greeting cards. Most of their cards were printed in the United States by the Gold Medal Art Company, whose distinctive owl logo appears on the back. Their designs were very simple and often uninspired.
Midwest Map Co. (MWM) (1930-1980)
A printer and publisher of maps and postcards in photogravure and lithography. Noted for their many comic linen cards. They changed their name to MWM Color Press and later merged with Dexter Press in 1980 to become MWM Dexter.
Johannes Miesler 1876-1904
This lithographic printer and paper supplier would call themselves fine art printers by 1884, but they produced a variety of chromolithographic items including greetings, calendars, and posters. Legend has it that Miesler was the first to to make a picture postcard when he sent hand drawn sketches through the mail in the 1870’s, but at the least he is one of the earliest pioneers of the Gruss aus postcard. Troubles began when his chief lithographer, Paul Grasnick left in 1899. In 1902 he took on a new partner, David Hermann, but the firm was bankrupt by 1904. Miesler died the following year.
Dr. Aldolph Miethe (1903-1920’s)
This scientist contributed to many important advancements in photography. He made the first telephoto lenses for cameras, improved on panchromatic films, and with Johannes Gaedicke invented magnesium flash powder. In 1903 Wilhelm Bounphol built a trichrome camera based on Miethes scientific work capable of exposing the same scene to three different panchromatic negatives through different colored filters. Each negative could then be exposed to a different plate in the printing of postcards with the resulting image displaying the actual colors of the scene without the need of retouching. These German made tricolor cards were often labeled Original Miethe Naturfarben Postkarte.
A company founded by the photographer Jacob Benor-Kalter to publish his own work. He emigrated from Poland to settle in Jerusalem in 1921. By 1926 he began publishing local views in series such as Eretz Israel. These images were followed by black & white rotogravure postcards that were also issued in series. Benor-Kalter had been known for his combinations of photo and graphic styles, which led to his work in photomontage by the 1930’s. He broke with the tradition of depicting Jews as exotic Types turning toward a more social realist style in which they were represented in various forms of labor to create a better life. These photos were also produced in postcard form by other publishers such as S. Alder of Haifa in 1934. In the 1940’s he gave up photography to pursue his interests in architecture.
Humphrey Milford (1917-1931)
A book publisher who also reproduced the paintings of many woman artists as postcards. Their subjects range from animals to children’s fantasy.
G.V. Millar & Co. (1908-1915)
A publisher of regional color and black & white view-cards in tinted halftone. They are noted for their many images of Pennsylvania coal mines.
Millar & Lang Art Publishing Co. (M & L, Ltd.) 1903-1941
A publisher of postcards depicting a wide variety of subjects in a wide variety of techniques. Most of their cards were published under the National Series name. Some scenes that were printed as black & white real photo postcards were also used to create hand colored collotypes. By the 1930’s many of their photo cards also began to be hand colored. In addition they published a series of line drawings by the artist Andrew Allan in the New Colour-Crayon Process. In their later years the company moved to London, England.
Miller Art Co. (1922-1941)
Published view-cards of the Northeast in tinted halftone. Many of their cards suffer from very crude retouch work. They issued better quality holiday cards and a large set of New York World’s Fair cards in 1939, many with decorative borders.
Ruth Murray Miller (1929-1939)
Postcards were published under her name for the Art Advertising Service. These view-cards depicted scenes from the mid-Atlantic States up to New England. They were printed in black & white, monochrome, and color collotype, often with a soft focus.
The Minneapolis Tribune 1867-1982
The largest newspaper in Minnesota. They published halftone postcards on heavy paper stock in the first decade of the 20th century that were given away as free supplements. Merged with the Minnesota Star newspaper in 1982 to become the Minniapolis Star Tribune.
The Bohemian poet Eliska Krasnohorska founded Minerva in 1890 as the first private school in Central Europe to promote higher education for women. By 1912, if not earlier, they were publishing Art reproductions through tricolor printing as a fund raising method. When the school was founded, Bohemia was part of the Austrian Empire and it became part of the newly formed Czechoslovakia after World War One.
Minnesota News Co. (1905-)
A publisher and distributor of local view-cards for the American News Company.
Minsky Brothers & Co. (1935-1948)
A publisher of many linen postcards and folders depicting scenes from western Pennsylvania.
Casa Miret (1908-1913)
Photographer Felix Miret produced many real photo view-cards from his work. He captured rather ordinary views of the Capital and of northern Mexico but is best known for his cards of La Decena Trágica that captured the street fighting in Mexico City in 1913 during the Revolution.
H.A. Mirza & Sons (1907-1912)
Photographers who published both photographs and printed postcards. While they produced common view-cards, many depicted scenes from places throughout South Asia and the Middle East that held religious significance. Of particular importance were postcards depicting the pilgrimage to Mecca that were purchased by many who found it impossible to go on the hajj. Their cards were printed in Germany as tinted heliotypes. The titles on then may be in English or Urdi.
Misch & Co., Ltd. (1905-1913)
A major publisher of a wide variety of finely printed postcards that utilized many different techniques. Their business originally began in the 1890’s by printing Christmas cards under the name Misch & Stock, which they used until 1905. They went on to produce many art reproductions, comics, religious and sports themes, artist signed cards, and a World Gallery series of worldwide views. Some of their card types were issued under the names Mezzo-graphs, Aerotints, and Camera Graphs.
The Edward H. Mitchell Co. 1898-1923
A major printer and publisher of view-cards depicting scenes throughout the American West. They also published a variety of other card types including large sets of flowers, exaggerations, and view-cards of Hawaii and the Philippines. They temporarily moved to Clay Street when their Post Street office was destroyed in the 1906 earthquake, but they later went on to set up a factory on Army Street. Even though they developed a number of their own unique techniques to print their cards like the Mitchell Photo-Chrome Process, many cards were also contracted out to other printers. Likewise they printed postcards for a number of other publishers. Their cards were printed in both the United States and in Germany. Over the years Mitchell bought out numerous small western competitors. Mitchell closed the postcard company in 1923 to concentrate on his oil interests. The three and a half million cards left in his inventory were sold of in one lot for $500.
Their first view-cards numbered 1 to 4999 were printed in black & white halftone along with cards that had an additional red halftone added to create a sepia look. In addition there are sepia cards in an 8000 series, some with various letter prefixes. Many others were not numbered.
Private mail cards from their early years were printed in photo-chromolithography and were un-numbered. These cards may have been contracted out to the Detroit Publishing Company for printing.
Tinted halftones printed over lithographic spatter with undivided backs were issued in numbers 1 to 999 but many other cards of this type were not numbered.
Divided back cards were issued in numbers 1 to 3366. Many of these were printed for other publishers. The lithographic cards of this series with complex tinting display the most recognizable style from Edward Mitchell.
A good many divided back cards were printed without numbers.
There are many other additional types and sets of cards that do not fit into any of the categories above.
Mittet & Co. (1905-1925)
In addition to producing black & white and hand colored real photo cards of views and types of Norway, Mittet published tinted collotypes and unusual tinted halftones as well. These cards were printed in Norway.
Moch & Stein (1997-1910)
A publisher of black & white and chromolithographic view-cards, many of which were of Gruss aus design.
Gustavo Modiano & Co. (1902-1920)
A publisher of books, posters, and postcards. Noted for his propaganda images as that printed for the Institute Italo-Britannico during the First World War.
C. Modena & Co. (1902-1912)
While this firm published black & white view-cards, the concentrated their efforts on producing comic military postcards.
Moffat, Yard & Co. 1905-1912
A publisher of illustrated books. Like many book publishers they also produced lithographic postcards. They partially merged with the John Lane Company in 1912 retaining editorial control while John Lane ran the business end.
Mohr & Dutzauer (1902-1908)
A publisher of view-cards, largely of Germany and Poland in black & white and tinted collotype.
Albert Monier (1951-1998)
A photographer of Paris, rural France, and French North Africa. Many of his images are unique for being populated by working class people and the dispossessed. Monier’s compositions show a strong personal eye that was influenced by modernist tendencies. In 1951 he began turning his work into black & white continental size real photo postcards. In 1960 color postcards were introduced and in 1963 he began publishing posters. Monier manufactured about 80 million postcards from his own studio.
Montana Souvenir Co. (1907-1960’s)
A publisher of regional view-cards printed in the tricolor process up to the modern photochrome. Some of their early landscapes were unusual because they incorporated embossing, a technique usually reserved for greeting or holiday cards.
Montreal News Co. (1880-1919)
After their early interest in publishing song books this company became an important distributor of printed materials, including postcards, to newsstands and tourist related stores. Andrew S. Irving, the company&rsquo's founder also owned the Toronto News Company.
A. Moore (1906-1907)
Published view-cards of Brooklyn and Manhattan in sepia and red & blue line block haftones on textured paper. Their cards have a washed out look to them.
Moore & Gibson (1905-1918)
A publisher of postcards depicting views of the American East in monochrome coloypes, halftone lithography, and with hand coloring.
F. Moore’s Railway Photographs (1950-1977)
A publisher of real photo postcards exclusively depicting British railways.
Morison Brothers (1892-1911)
This Bookseller and Stationer founded by James Morison would eventually publish high quality artist signed lithographic postcards that they had printed in Germany.
Charles E. Morris (1905-1925)
A photographer of Western views and themes depicting scenes from the states of Montana, South Dakota, and Wyoming. He published many of his images as tinted collotype postcards that were made in Germany. Many of his later cards were printed by Curt Teich.
G.W. Morris (1901-1922)
Morris was an important publisher of pictorial books before they began producing view-cards. Most of their postcards captured scenes of the Northeast, especially of Maine and New Hampshire, but cards of other states as far away as Florida can be found. The nature of the drawn in skies found on many of their cards gives then a very distint look. Their early cards in tinted collotype were printed in Germany and Saxony. They contracted out their latter halftone cards to Curt Teich.
N. Moser (1915-1939)
A photographer who published many real photo postcards of his work. He is best known for his naval and aviation scenes.
A. Mosinger (1908-1909)
A publisher of a variety of fine lithographic postcards in color and monotones. These include view-cards and greetings. Some of their cards were printed by Raphael Tuck. They are known to have depicted many South American landscapes.
Muir, Marshall & Co. (1897-1914)
A publisher of illustrated guide books and souvenirs. They also produced a number of postcards in tinted collotype depicting local scenes and types.
Muir & Moodie 1898-1945
Bothers Walter John Burton and Alfred Henry Burton arrived in New Zealand in 1856 to become the best known photographers of that land during the 19th century. After a number of years in absence Alfred returned from England in 1876. Soon he bought out his brother’s share of the business and took on a new partner Thomas Mintaro Baily Muir. Walter opened is own studio but committed suicide in 1880. About that same time George Moodie came to work at Alfred’s studio with additional photographers joining in subsequent years. By 1898 Muir and Moodie were running the studio under their own names. With the growing popularity of postcards they began publishing their own view-cards and advertising cards in photo-cheomolithography. Many of the early images captured by the Burton bothers and the other photographers who worked for them were now published under the Muir & Moodie name and precise accreditation is no longer possible on some images.
Enrique Muller 1898-1918
An official photographer for the U.S. Navy. He produced many real photo postcards of naval ships, facilities, and of sailors in their daily routines. As our nation entered the First World War these cards grew in popularity. His photographs were also used by other postcard publishers to create printed postcards.
Enrique Muller’s son Robert, also became an official Navy photographer and took over the family business around 1905. Many real photo postcards were also published of his work. He often went under the name Enrique Muller Jr.
Muller & Trub (1859-)
This company was founded as Muller & Co., a printer of bonds and securities, a product they continued to produce until 2005. By the 1880’s they were known as art publishers and soon expanded into tourism by printing pictorial travel booklets and brochures, maps, and also fine lithographic Gruss aus cards depicting scenes from central Europe. Began to solely print art cards around the turn of the century. In 1903 they changed their name to A. Trub & Co. Today Trub is primarily in the business of producing electronic identity cards.
Munier Montiuet (1930-1954)
A photographer and art publisher who reproduced his work as glossy real photo postcards. These were largely view-cards covering scenes of Monaco, the Riviera, and the French Alps. Many cards were hand colored and came with scalloped edges.
Max Munk (1900-1917)
An important publisher of artist signed cards that covered a whole range of topics and styles. Their holiday cards and images of women are the best known. Their cards, manufactured in Austria, were originally printed in chromolithography that they later replaced with the tricolor process. These cards are usually just labeled M.M. Vienne. They also puplished a few stray postcards for the Detroit Publishing Company.
Murray Views, Pty., Ltd. 1908-
Founded as the portrait studio of photographer Fred Murray. By 1929 he began producing souvenirs and real photo postcards of local views as customers for studio work declined. Many of these glossy cards were boldly hand colored. Eventually the business grew to become one of the largest suppliers of real photo postcards in Australia. Fred died in 1946 but the business was taken over by his nephews Sam and Allan.
H.A. Myer & Co. (1910-1913)
A photographer who produced many real photo postcards depicting local views. Around 1912 Myer moved to Jordan, New York, a little way to the west but continued to publish local cards from there as well.
Mystic Art Association 1913-
An association of local artists that promote their own work through exhibitions at their own gallery. Their gallery has been the subject of many view-cards as a tourist attraction but they also published a post card series themselves in black & white halftone lithography for publicity.