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J - PUBLISHERS
H.H. Jackson (1905-1906)
A publisher of black & white and hand colored collotype postcards, many of which were printed by the Rotograph co. He is noted for his cards that depicting Buffalo Bill’s Wild West show.
J.M. Jackson & Co., Ltd (1913-1914)
John Middleton Jackson was primarily a publisher of English view-cards. Many of these were multi-views produced lithographically or as hand colored real photos. A number of comic postcards were also produced in packaged series. These cards were often issued under the Jay-Em-Jay Series name. They had a branch office in Bradford, Lincolnshire.
William H. Jackson Co. 1879-1902
Jackson had worked as a oil painter and a photo retoucher before opening a photography studio in 1867 with his brother Ed in Omaha, Nebraska. From there Jackson made excursions photographing local Indian Tribes, and two years later he was capturing scenery for the Union Pacific Railroad. Between 1871 and 1878 he joined Hayden’s geographical surveys of the Rockies and Yellowstone River as the official photographer. He captured many never before seen views, and his growing reputation allowed him to open his own company in Denver in 1879. In 1883 the business name was changed to the W.H. Jackson Photography & Publishing Company. Besides taking photographs for a number of Railroads, he sold souvenir albums and stereo-views. In 1897, after returning from a long unprofitable trip From Siberia to Australia, he was offered a partnership in the Detroit Photographic Company. Detroit was just entering the postcard business and was in desperate need for images. Jackson, who was also interested in seeing his images in color, sold 10,000 of his negatives to Detroit, many of which were turned into postcards and prints. His wife continued to run the Denver business until 1902. Jackson left Detroit Publishing in 1924 when it went into receivership.
Jacobs Kunstanstalt (1926-1941)
This art institute published local view-cards in a sepia rotogravure. Many of these cards were hand colored and often look older than they actually are.
Timothee Jacot (1901-1908)
A publisher of Swiss view-cards and types in back & white, monotone, and hand colored collotype. Some cards were also issued in color as tinted halftones.
A publisher of view-cards in a wide variety of techniques. Early cards can be found in black & white heliographs and photo-chromolithography. In later years the firm went on to publish modern photochomes.
Arthur Jaffe, Inc. 1926-1980
The New York office for the printer Max Jaffe, which opened in 1926. They published view-cards of New York City in black & white and color collotypes printed by Max Jaffé. Many of these cards have scallop edges. They eventually went on to form the Heliochrome Company of New York publishing color art reproduction postcards and posters. After their plates were purchased by Thomas Reardon they became known as the Arthur Jaffe Heliochrome Press of Dalton, Massachusetts.
Kunstanstalt Max Jaffé 1875-1990&rsquos
A noted printer of a variety of products including lithographic postcards but especially collotypes after 1910. They are responsible for many fine art reproductions and fine portfolio prints for photographers. Arthur Jaffe opened their New York office in 1926.
Carl Janderé (1903-1914)
Jander was a publisher well known for his facsimile reproductions of etchings and engravings in photogravure that were placed on prints and postcards. He would latter open an office in Vienna.
Japan Mail Steamship Co. (Nippon Yusen Kaisha) (1885-)
The rivalry between the Mitsubishi Steamship Company and the Kyodo-Unyu Steamship Company was so severe they were merged into the the Japan Mail Steamship Company in 1885 with strict government controls limiting their expansion into shipping. Because of these restrictions Mitsubishi began expanding into other enterprises, but after Japan’s first elections in 1890 the governments control over them weakened. By the mid 1890’s they were being encouraged to expand and they opened new routes to America, Europe, and Australia including passenger and tramp service. Soon after they began publishing lithographic posters and postcards to advertise their line. These cards were printed by a variety of lithographers in Japan including Ichida and Mitsuma.
Japanese (Imperial) Government Railways; 1907-1949
By 1907 the last of the privately run railroads serving the islands of Hokkaido, Honshu, Karafuto, and Shikoku that begun in 1872 had been nationalized. Within a few years these lines would be run under the Ministry of Railways and come to be called the Japanese Government Railways. Between 1930 and 1942 the Board of Tourist Industry functioned as a part of this railway system. They published guide books, posters, and postcards to promote rail tourism. Postcards were produced by lithographic printing and painted over by hand in deep opaque colors. In 1949 they were reorganized into the Japanese National Railway.
Jarrold & Son, Ltd. (1898-2007)
Founded by John J. Jarrold, this printer and publisher turned out postcards in series that included topicals and views. Many of their cards lack their name and were only issued under series such as Jarrold’s, Pageant, Poppyland, Wild Flowers, New Autograph, Punch War Cartoons, and the Great War Series. They eventually branched out into many other enterprises such as their well known department stores, selling their printing division to Sutton Publishing in 2007.
C. Jeangette (1904-1920)
A publisher that produced a variety of printed material including calendars and postcards. These cards depicted views and actresses as black & white, monotone, and dutone collotypes. Between 1904 and 1906 about 600 view-cards of France, including 100 scenes in Paris were issued in four colors.
Committee of the Jewish Welfare Board 1917-1941
This group formed to aid the United States government in recruiting rabbis for military service in the First World War. They were soon engaged in providing various other services to lift the morale of American servicemen including the publication of postcards. These cards came in two basic types. The Just Got Back cards contained a cartoon while others depicted the transport ships that carried many of the soldiers. The back of these cards had the appropriate stamp box and information lines preprinted on them for soldier free mail. These cards were given away free aboard the transports and sent off franked as soon as the ships arrived in port. The Jewish Welfare Board joined with five other groups to form the United Service Organization (USO) in 1941.
C. P. Johnston Co. (1928-1976)
A publisher of view-cards depicting views of the Pacific Northwest including Alaska. Some of their later photochromes were photographed by Mike Roberts.
Dr. James Johnston (1910-1921)
A radical missionary who opened a Tabernacle in in 1876 as par of his Jamaican Evangelist Mission. He published a number of tinted halftone postcards that were printed in Germany. These cards depicted local scenes and types and were no doubt produced as part of fund raising efforts.
John S. Johnston late 1880’s-1899
This prolific yet enigmatic scenic photographer produced many images of New York City and other tourist locals. He is probably best known for his images of the warships that fought in the Spanish-American War and of many famous racing yachts. Most of his images were used to produced stereo-views but many eventually found there way onto postcards.
George W. Jones (1900-1920)
A small publisher of books and view-cards of the Annapolis area in black & white and tinted collotype. Many of his cards were printed through Raphael Tuck. He also had cards printed in England to raise funds for the invalid Belgian veterans of the First World War.
L.E. Jones (1910-1920)
A photographer of views and events of the Catskill Mountains and the nearby town of Kingston on the Hudson River. Much of his work was produced as real photo postcards, notably the Beautiful Kingston Series.
Tom Jones (1900-1917)
Published line block view-cards of middle America in monochromes or by using a strong blue overprinting on top of a black & white open halftone. Some of their latter cards were printed by Curt Teich.
J. Murray Jordan 1901-1909
A photographer who went on to publish and print postcards, mostly views of America’s easten regions. He also issued cards depicting the Panama Canal. Jordan founded the World Post Card Company in 1903.
Jordan Pond House 1940’s
A concessionaire within Arcadia National Park catering to visitor needs. They published the work of local photographers such as W.H. Ballard and Charles A. Townsend as real photo postcards to sell in their shop. These scenes of the Park and the Mount Desert Island region were produced in large quantities.
William Jubb Co. (1908-1960)
A publisher of view-cards that mostly depicted scenes from western New York State. They were were produced in a variety of styles and techniques ranging from early black & white images to colorful linens and modern chromes. His later chromes were printed by Dexter Press.
Edward P. Judd Co. (1908-1923)
Published lithographic view-cards of eastern Connecticut that were originally made in Germany. After World War One they contacted their printing out to Tichnor Brothers.
Judges, Ltd. 1910-1984
In 1902 Fred Judge moved to Wakefield where he purchased a photography shop and began producing real photo postcards the following year. In 1904 Judges began publishing hand colored postcards that were printed in Germany. After purchasing new equipment in 1906 they began producing real photo cards on a larger scale. In 1910 Judges formed into a limited company. Most of the postcards produced were of local scenes that Judge photographed himself. He also published reproductions of his drawings and watercolors. Later on he began producing cards as sepia and black &. white collotypes for which he is best known. In 1920 Judges opened a shop in London and the view-cards issued from there have a L prefix. While Judge shot over 7400 images, He began using the photographs of Oliver Butler in 1921. Judge was wounded in one of the last air aids over Hastings during World War Two, and would succumb to his injuries in 1950. His daughter Marjorie took over the business but sold it in 1984.
Today the firm is known as Judges Postcards, Ltd. and they produce continental sized postcards for tourists out of St. Leonards-on-Sea.
Jullien Freres (1880-1918)
The Jullien Brothers originally opened a photo studio that became an important source for views of the Alps. Many of their cards depict hikers and climbers. They went on to produce view-cards of these images in a variety of techniques including real photo cards, color heliographs, and black & white collotypes, many of which were hand colored.
J. Junginger (1880-1905)
An early publisher of chromolithographic prints. By the 1890’s he was producing Gruss aus postcards and then more typical views of Germany and Palestine. Many of his images repeated the tale of the incident at the market well.
Karl Jurischek (1915-1926)
A publisher of regional view-cards and postcard booklets in a monotone rotogravure. Their titles are written in a highly cursive font.
J.W.N. Co. (1905-1912)
Publisher of postcards made with their patented process of sandwiching a real photo, usually a portrait, between two thin sheets of wood. Picture outlines were burnt into the wood and then hand colored. Some of their cards carry a swastika trademark.