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E - PUBLISHERS
Eagle Post Card Co. (1910-1954)
Published views and roadside themes of the mid-Atlantic region as postcards and folders in various forms of lithography and line block printing. Their postcards went under the names Photo-Duo-Tone, Photo-Gloss, Blue-Sky, and Photo-Brilliantone in different color tints.
East and West Publishing Co. (1939-1941)
Published national view-cards in black & white rotogravure. They were printed in the United States and in Germany.
Eastern Illustrating & Publishing Co. 1909-
One of the best known publishers of real photo postcards depicting scenes of New England and New York. Founded by photographer R. Herman Cassens in 1909, he and his staff produce over 30,000 real photo cards printed in small lots to the thousands. They captured a niche market by publishing views outside of just one local area, and by providing photo cards to retailers in small communities who could not afford the price of printed cards. In 1947 the business was sold to Alton H. Crone. He stopped producing real photo postcards in the 1950’s and began printing photochromes. By the 1960’s they had sold off all remaining stock of real photo cards, and moved to New London, NH. Because they published many generics and small town scenes that changed very slowly, they kept printing cards from the same negatives over many decades. Differing logos and papers however give some clues in providing dates. Their first distinguished logo was very large and appeared on cards published between 1913 to 1915. Similar but much smaller variations continued to be placed onto their cards into the late 1930’s until they just started printing out their name. By the 1940’s they began using Kodak paper without the company name.
East Hampton News Co. (1920’s-1930’s)
A local publisher and distributor of postcards for the American News Company depicting scenes from Long Island’s South Fork.
H. Ebertz & Co. (1914-1915)
This publisher produced view-cards depicting scenes from Staten Island and nearby communities in New Jersey. While most were printed in black & white some were issued with rolled color.
Eckstein & Stahle (1905-1940)
An art publisher who produced prints and postcards in chromolithography.
Edwards & Broughton Co. (1892-1985)
A publisher and printer of books and other lithographic materials. They were an important printing source for local businesses and for subjects on local history. They printed a set of linen postcards for the National Trailways Bus System in the 1940’s.
Hallgrimur Einarsson 1899-1948
A photographer of views and types who worked in some of Iceland’s more remote regions. He published many of his images as black & white postcards in collotype.
Theodor Eismann (Theochrome) (1908-1914)
A fine art printing and publishing house that produced tinted halftone postcards that were printed in the United States and in Germany. These include view-cards, comics, and greetings. The senior Eismanm died in 1903 and his son Paul Edward Theodor took over the business. There were plans to move the firms postcard printing opperations to Brooklun’s Bush Terminal from Saxony to avoid new tariffs in 1910 but it is uncertain if anything ever came of this.
Johannes Elchlepp (1906-1910)
A publisher of black & white view-cards and chromolithographed artist signed postcards.
C. Eleftheroudakis 1904-
An important publisher of books, travel guides, maps and postcards. They captured many ancient historic sights and types on photo-chromolithographic view-cards. They currently run a bookstore chain.
Axel Eliassons Art Publishing Co. 1870-
Eliasson began his career as a photographer who produced postcards of the views he captured. These included many tinted halftones of Scandanavian types. In 1897 he commissioned Jenny Nystrom to illustrate Christmas postcards and it is said that she produced the first images of Santa Clause to appear in Sweden. The firm had great success with its artist signed postcards but today they largely produce Christmas cards and other holiday products.
Elite Post Card Co. (1908-1914)
A publisher of view-cards depicting the American mid-West.
Elizabeth Novelty Co. (1904-1916)
This stationer bookseller published sepia view-cards of local scenes.
J. Boyd Ellis and his son Clifford were both photographers who roamed the State of Washington in search of views. Together they produced about 5,000 different real photo postcards.
Rachael Robinson Elmer 1914-1916
A painter and commercial artist. Volland published twelve chromolithographs of her cityscapes in 1914 as part of their Art Lovers postcard series. Shading mediums were used extensively in their production. Elmer published woodcut reproductions of six more New York City scenes as postcards for the Association of Woman Painters, Artists & Sculptures biennial celebration in 1916.
A.W. Elson & Co. (1894-1925)
A manufacturer of photogravure plates and prints. Their subjects were generally confined to historic scenes and art reproductions. Their art cards were a little smaller than standard postcard size as they were produced for collecting and not for mailing, and they lack the usual postal graphics on their backs. Many of these cards were eventually mailed anyway as if they were postcards. Elson also produced a great number of carbon prints.
Hugo Engler (1904-1913)
Engler was a studio photographer who branched out from producing cabinet cards to publishing his own view-cards of local landscapes in tinted collotype.
E. P. & Co. A.G.L. (1895-1945)
A publisher of artist signed postcards who reproduced the same images as brownish colotypes and in photographic form. They are noted for an exceptionally large set of military images from the First World War, many of which are dark with dramatic lighting effects.
Ephtimios Freres (1903-1909)
These brothers functioned as photographers, booksellers, and publishers of postcards. Most of their postcards depicted views and types of Egypt though they produced some images of Palestine as well. Their cards were printed as tinted halftones.
Sallo Epstein & Co. (1896-1905)
The largest publisher of view-cards and types of South Africa and Transvaal. He produced over 2,000 postcards in black & white collotype, some with hand coloring. While many of his cards captured everyday scenes, a small number of cards depicted animals, remembrances of the Boer War, and the funeral of President Paul Kruger in 1904.
C. A. Erichsen (1912-1920)
A photographer who turned his work into lithographic postcards using an early form of process printing. Though most of his photos captured views of Norway he also produced cards of types, predominantly of the Sami, and published some artist signed cards as well.
Erker Brothers Optical late 1890’s -
These photographers did not only make lantern slides of their work but manufactured the magic lanterns to project them. While they were an important supplier of equipment for lantern shows they went on to produce a full range of optical supplies. While they photographed many subjects, including warships from the Spanish American War, they published postcards from their photos of St. Louis. These German made cards were produced as tinted halftones and as blue toned collotypes largely between 1906 and 1907.
Karl Ermisch (1934-1943)
A publisher of finely printed monochrome and hand colored view-cards in rotogravure.
Ess & Ess Photo Co. (1907-1930)
Published view-cards of the American mid-Atlantic region in black & white and sepia line block halftones. Some of their cards were hand colored in Germany.
Max Ettlinger & Co. Ltd. 1901-1916
Published a variety of card types, many of them real photo cards. Some of the real photos were hand colored and carried trade names of Lamanet, Photolet, and Photocolour. While most of the color work was printed in Germany and Prussia, a set of hand colored brown toned art cards were made in France. Their cards were generally issued under the Royal Series name.
European Post Card Co. (1920’s)
Published black & white and tinted halftone cards in line block. In addition to the many view-cards of the New York region they produced views of Provence Quebec in Canada.
Excelsior Fine Art Publishing Co. (1904-1907)
A publisher of prints and postcards in a wide variety of techniques and subjects. Their series included art reproductions, comic cards, famous people, military cards, coats of arms and flags, and black & white cards of the London theater and zoos.
Exhibit Supply Co. 1921-1970
Printed cards to be sold from arcade machines. Their early cards from 1921-1928 have divided postcard backs, some with a brief descriptive narrative, while their later cards have blank backs. In 1927 they started printing cards in various strong color monotones. They stopped manufacturing arcade cards in 1964.
Eyre & Spottiswoode, Ltd. 1845-1970’s
This firm founded by George Edward Eyre and Andrew Spottiswoodie in 1845 became an important printer of books, and the King’s printer. They were manufacturing Christmas cards before the inception of postcards. Their first Woodbury Series postcards consisted of art reproductions, zoo animals, military and naval themes, stage performers, and view-cards of England and Palestine. There unique printing process in tinted heliotype resembles a coarse collotype but the blacks are much darker and more crusty like a woodburytype. By 1928 they had also become publishers but the firm merged with Methuen Publishing in the 1970’s, which sold off this asset in 1987 to Cambridge University Press.