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Baltimore Badge & Novelty Co. (1896-1907)
These lithographers produced a wide variety of printed items but are best known for their political buttons. They also produced finely printed postcards and made the official cards for the Jamestown Exposition in 1907.
Baltimore Lithograph Co. (Balto Litho) (1892-1906)
A lithographic printer of sheet music and hotel advertising. They produced a number of fine early black & white postcards for hotels, some with hand coloring.
Baltimore Stationary Co. (1908-)
A seller of stationary supplies who also published and sold a large amount of regional view-cards. Many of their cards are printed as tinted collotypes. Blue is used as the key plate, which gives these cards a distinct RGB pallet. The company has since concentrated on selling office furniture.
Baltimore Steam Packet Co. (Old Bay Line) 1840-1962
A steamship company that provided a number of routes but mainly scheduled overnight passenger and mail service between Baltimore and Norfolk on Chesapeake Bay. Over the years they operated 54 different ships and by the 1890’s their service became very popular. As their popularity grew they began to publish lithographic postcards illustrating the ships of the line for advertising. When business slowed they began running freight but they still wound up a subsidiary of the Seaboard Air Line Railroad by 1922 who liquidated them in 1962.
Bamforth & Co. 1870-1990
James Bamforth began his career as a manufacturer of lantern slides. In 1890 he started production of illustrated song lyric slides that audiences could sing along to at shows. This quickly became his most popular selling item. In the years following, the Company became the largest producer of model slides. From this vast photo inventory Bamforth began to publish of a variety of postcard types including comics, greetings, propaganda, real photos, and views, but especially song sets, many of which were reproduced from lantern slide images. Today they are best remembered for their series of saucy seaside postcards, which may have numbered close to a 100,000 different titles. While this series was begun in 1902, they did not become very popular until the 1930’s. In 1906 Bamforth opened a New York Office at 35 West 21st Street. By 1910 they had become a Limited company. The Company was sold to ETW Dennis, but in 2000 the rights to their images was purchased by Ian Walker.
Julius Bandes (1915-1938)
This local stationer published numerous postcards primarily depicting hotels of New York City though there are some cards of establishments from the surrounding region. He also published cards depicting the ships of coastal steamer lines. Most if not all of his cards were printed by Curt Tiech.
Clyde Banks (1917-)
Banks served as an aeriel photographer during the First World War and later opened a camera and art shop. He produced mostly scenic views from which he published many real photo postcards. They had hand written titles exposed on the front, which makes these scenes easily identifiable today. His two sons took over the business in 1960.
S.N. Banshiudo (1905-1916)
This photographer published hand colored collotype postcards of his work that can easily be mistaken for hand colored photos. These high quality images were made in Japan.
F. von Bardolben (1905-1910)
A publisher of color collotype postcards depicting national views of the United States and of the United Kingdom. They produced a notable set of historic monotone views of New York City. Their cards were printed in Germany.
Barkalow Brothers Co. 1865-
Publishers and general news agent founded by Sidney and Derrick Barkalow. They became the exclusive distributors of printed materials, including postcards, for the Union Pacific Railroad. The Barkalow Brothers also published non railroad oriented view-cards that were often printed by Tom Jones. They eventually became suppliers of hotel gift shops and moved their business to Fort Myers, Florida.
Esmond G. Barnhill 1913-1987
A photographer who opened the Florida Photo Studio in 1914. From there he sold his own orotones and hand colored photographs as well as greeting cards and many real photo postcards. Most of these were local scenes of town or generic Florida landscapes. As time went by he had the Albertype Company print up many of his images in black & white instead of producing real photo cards. However Barhill hand colored many of these cards himself in intense colors with golden undertones inspired by his work with orotones. Eventually hand colored looking images were reproduced totally by fake offset lithography in Saxony. Most of his photographic work was done by 1930. Barnhill was also intrigued by Native Americans and he made attempts at running an Indian Museum in Florida and a curio shop at the Wisconsin Dells with little success..
Barr & Hayfield, Inc. (1907-1918)
This firm run by George H. Hayfield printed books and postcards in halftone.
Barr’s Studio 1889-1945
Charles Frederick Barr began his career as an apprentice to the photo studio of Dr. James Worthham before buying him out in 1889. He became an important local photographer whose advertised specialties were apple blossoms, cold storage facilities, and by product plants. Much of his output was in real photo postcards. After his death in 1945 his daughter Elizabeth ran the studio into the 1970’s.
Harvey Barton & Son (1885-1960)
Photographers who published real photo postcards of their landscape work in southwest England. Many of these view-cards were hand colored. They also produced printed art reproductions and a set of picture postcards under the Vistasound name that could be played as 45rmp records. They were manufactured by the Hardy Record Mfg. Co. of London.
Barton & Spooner (1905-1915)
This business was originally established in 1892 by the craftsman, Harry L. Barton who manufactured wooden souvenirs. After the turn of the 20th century he took on Ralph Spooner as a partner in order to expand into commercial and art printing. They opened a factory together at 1133 Broadway in New York City. Though they printed calendars, maps and other goods there, most of their postcards were printed as collotypes in Germany. Their output largely consisted of regional view-cards, often printed in monotones.
Harry H. Baumann (1940’s)
A publisher and designer of linen postcards. He is best known for a series of 21 cards depicting LaGuardia Airport and the series Landmarks of New York City.
Paul Bayer (1899-1909)
A publisher of Gruss aus view-cards and artist signed greetings.
Bayonne Times 1911-1971
Formed out of the older Bayonne Daily Times this newspaper began publishing postcards under its editor, Hyman Lazarus. These black & white halftone cards were crudely hand colored and issued in a smaller than standard size.
Henry M. Beach 1880’s-1943
A photographer who produced many photos and real photo postcards of upstate New York, especially around the Adirondack region. Henry spent his early life in the town of Watson where he may have opened a photo shop with his brother Louis in 1902 from which he began selling postcards two years latter. Between 1906 and 1916 he lived in Remson where he began concentrating on producing real photo cards. While his brother did not move with him it remained a family business with many hands involved in postcard production. He produced a wide variety of card types ranging from the panorama to montaged novelties. Much of his extended family was involved in logging, which became a common motif for his postcards. Many of these cards are labeled Beach’s Real Photo.
His son Harry M. Beach was also a photographer who lived a fairly nomadic life. Since many photos only make reference to H.M. Beach their work is often confused. Harry also reprinted many of his fathers early works.
J. Beagles & Co., Ltd. 1881-1939
Founded by John Beagles as a photo publishing company. He later became a printer and publisher of mostly real photo postcards depicting movie stars, boxers, celebrities, royalty, greetings, comic situations, and views as part of their Phototint Series. They also published a set of artist drawn Matrimonial Cats by Louis Wain Some of these cards were hand colored and there are many variations within sets. After John died in 1909, the business continued operating under his son as a limited company. While they largely continued to publish images of actresses, they also produced cards depicting local street scenes, Palestine, and military subjects.
A publisher of comic, roadside, and national view-cards. Produced military cards during World War One. Despite that these cards were issued under the trade name Art Tone Glo-Var Finished, they are indistinguishable from other linen postcards. The firm was sold to Associated Lithographers, Inc. in the early 1950’s.
O. Crosby Bean Souvenir Goods (Bean’s) (1910-1926)
A book and souvenir shop that published local halftone view-cards. Their early cards were manufactured in Germany.
Bear Photo Co. (1906-1930)
Published some of their own photographs as printed postcards, some with hand coloring. They are best known for their images of the San Francisco earthquake and Yosemite National Park. They also produced a camera similar to the Kodak Brownie with a silhouette of a bear on its front.
Beck Engraving Co. 1896-
This small printing shop founded by George W. Beck has grown into one of the nation’s largest graphic arts production firms for advertising and publications. Beck’s involvement in postcard production is limited to one image printed as a tricolor line block with some gold overprinting. It was first issued as a pioneer Souvenir Card and reissued again in latter years.
Becker & Kolblinger (1902-1907)
A publisher of black & white view-cards in collotype.
Beebe & Phillips, Inc. (1891-1915)
Andrew Phillips had already made a name for himself as editor of the Connecticut Almanac when he took on a partner to open this firm. These two booksellers and stationers published local guide books, maps, and eventually hand colored collotype postcards. They also acted as a jobber for individuals who wanted to publish cards.
Richard Behrendt (1906-1930)
An importer and wholesaler of toys, novelties, stereo-views, greetings and postcards. Behrendt published a wide variety of postcard types under his own name including view-cards of the West Coast and the San Francisco Earthquake.
J.P. Bell Co. (1891-)
A printer and publisher of a variety of materials including many books and tinted halftone postcards of regional views. Some of their cards were printed under contract for businesses and groups. While their own printing was not of the highest quality, they had some of their cards printed by other well known publishers like Raphael Tuck & Sons.
Carl Bellmann (1905-1911)
A publisher of color collotype view-cards of local scenes. Their postcards were so finely printed that the grain is nearly indiscernible.
Belmont Post Card Co. 1920-1922
Founded by H. & C. Rubin and L. Pepperman, this short lived company published local view-cards as tinted halftones.
Benham Co. (1909-1915)
A publisher of a wide variety of postcard types including views, expositions, Indians, and novelties. These cards were printed as tinted halftone line blocks.
Published holiday and comic postcards in chromolithography.
Morris Berman (1908-1923)
A publisher of tinted halftone view-cards depicting southern New England. He also created a set of military cards during WWI.
Albert Berger (1887-1931)
This noted fine art publisher and printer produced many chromolithographic posters and prints. They also printed some of the postcards for the Vienna Workshop (Wiener Werkstatte).
Berger Brothers Publishers (1910-1951)
A publisher of Rhode Island view-cards in black & white and tinted halftones. They eventually printed photochromes. Their cards were made in the United States.
Max Bernstein (1916-1932)
A publisher of postcards in tinted halftones from white border to linens. Most of these cards depicted views and events of the American mid-West though other types of cards were produced as well such as Judaica. Many of Bernstein’s cards were printed by Curt Teich.
Berry Paper Co. (1907-1910)
Published view-cards of Maine in black & white and as tinted halftones.
Bestetti & Tumminelli (1913-1933)
A major art publisher of fine illustrated books and prints. They also produced many postcards that were printed in tricolor lithography. These cards were mostly art reproductions though they produced a large set of artist drawn military cards during World War One.
Best’s Studio Inc. Co. 1902-1972
Opened as a shop selling the paintings of Harry Cassie Best and the hand colored photos of his wife Anne Rippey as souvenirs of Yosemite National Park. Their daughter Virginia married Ansel Adams in 1928 and they took over the shop in 1936 after Harry’s death. They sold high quality souvenirs including real photo postcards of their own work. The National Park Service did not allow shops operating in their parks to be publishers, so while these cards are marked Published by Best’s Studio, they actually formed a new company called Five Associates to be the legal publisher. In 1972 the business was turned over to Ansel’s son and daughter in-law and renamed the Ansel Adams Gallery. Five Associates was passed down to their daughter Anne and it was renamed Museum Graphics.
J. Bettenhausen & Son (1900-1942)
From his studio in Dresden this photographer produced work for books and postcards in monotone collotype.
F. Beyer (1911-)
A bookstore that also serves as a local tourist office. In addition to publishing the Norway Tourist Weekly, they produced a number of postcards depicting legends and views of Norway. These cards were printed as black & white collotypes with hand coloring and halftone lithographs.
Bickle Brothers (1906-1915)
A publisher of local view-cards. Most of their early German made cards were printed in black & white but they switched to American printers such as Tichnor Brothers once the embargo took effect at the outbreak of World War One.
Bicknell Mfg. Co. (1933-1946)
J. Carleton Bicknell was a photographer and publisher of real photo postcards that depicted scenes in Maine.
Julius Bien & Co. 1850-1915
Bien, whose father had been a lithographer, studied graphic arts at the Academy in Kassel, Germany. He left for the United States after the failed revolution of 1848, and opened his own lithography shop in New York. Between 1854 and 1856 he went into a brief partnership with Julius Sterner. He first achieved acclaim for his lithographic transfers of James Audubon’s engravings from Birds in America. Afterwards he concentrated on printing maps, setting new standards for their production. By the 1880’s the firm expanded into printing a wide range of chromolithographic material including advertising, posters, and trade cards. This would latter further expand into sets of comic, holiday, patriotic, religious, and sentimental postcards, typified by a highly graphic style. Bien died in 1909 but the firm continued its printing operations until purchased by the Heywood, Strasser & Voigt Litho Company in 1915. Julius Bien also served as the first president of the National Lithographer’s Association.
Biener & Co., Ltd. (1915-1930’s)
Adolfo Biener was a photographer who in addition to producing real photo postcards turned his images into black & white and very realistic color collotype cards. By the mid-1920’s he was selling many of these from his shop along with postcard booklets, souvenirs, and photo supplies for tourists. His photo cards were made on a variety of paper types. Those marked ARW were cards he published from other photographers work. In 1930’s he produced about 200 postcards for the coffee industry. Both his early and later work captured many local types.
A. Biren (1912-1948)
Published black & white collotype views of New York City and Long Island. They later published linens of New York and many generic cards.
Birn Brothers, Ltd. (1905-1964)
A large printing house that produced tricolor postcards on a wide variety of subjects that include Christmas cards, greetings, actresses, views, propaganda, military and naval themes, and artist signed cards. They also produced many postcards in sepia, as real photos, and embroidered silks. Despite their large postcard production they seem to have been primarily involved in printing cheap pictorial books. Many of their cards were published under the name BB London and printed in Saxony and Bavaria.
A & C Black, Ltd. 1807-
A major publishing firm founded by Adam and Charles Black in Edinburgh, Scotland. Though primarily producing fine books and maps they began to publish tricolor postcards in line block after their move to London in 1889. Many of these postcard images were taken from the watercolors of Wilfred Ball, Heaton Cooper, and H.B. Wimbush that had been reproduced in their books. Raphael Tuck used some of Black’s watercolors for their postcards. They are now owned by Bloomsbury.
Black Hills Post Card Co. (1919-1952)
A distributor of view-cards and folders depicting tourist related attractions of South Dakota. Their cards span the use of hybrid halftones, linens , and photochromes. Most of their cards seem to have been printed by Curt Teich.
Blake & Fiske (1906)
Published postcards of Mexican types and views as tinted halftones in line block.
I. H. Blanchard Press Co. (1901-1907)
A publisher of mid-Atlantic view-cards in lithography with a heavy use of shading mediums.
Blanchard Young & Co. (1906-1924)
A publisher of Rhode Island and Massachusetts view-cards. These tinted collotypes were printed in Germany.
O. Blaschke (1904-1908)
A publisher of chromolithographic postcards produced in series. Many of these cards were embossed and have elaborate designs.
Bloom Brothers Co. (1907-22)
A distributor of gift products for retail stores. Published view-cards depicting the upper mid-West to the Rockies. They also produced cards on cowboy poetry and other themes of the American West. They became part of the Vaughn Products Division of Vaughn Communications in 1943 but they continue to produce postcards under the Bloom Brothers name.
G. Blumlein & Co. (1870-1903)
A publishing house that produced Gruss aus and Court Size postcards. They were also an early publisher of lithographic mementos and souvenir books.
F.B. den Boer (1907-1934)
A publisher of views and Types as monochrome postcards in rotogravure.
A.O. Boeres Co. (1917)
A Publisher of view-cards depicting scenes from Arizona. Many of these cards were printed by Curt Teich.
Boesinger & Co. (1920’s)
Published real photo postcards of local views and street life.
Bone-Crow Co. (1930’s-1950’s)
These printers were early users of offset lithography. They produced roadside postcards in black & white and color through process printing.
Bonnier AB 1804-
The German Gerhard Bonnier founded this publishing house in Copenhagen in 1804, but in 1837 his sons moved to Stockholm where it reopened as Albert Bonnier. At the turn of the 20th century the firm had become the largest book publisher in Sweden. While run by Karl Otto Bonnier they began publishing artist signed postcards taken from the many illustrations in their books. Carl Larson was one of their more notable artists. In 1924 they bought the morning paper Dagens Nyheter, which marked their rise to becoming an international media giant. Today they own 175 different companies producing books, magazines, newspapers, music, film, and television shows.
Boots Cash Chemists, Ltd. 1890’s-
John Boot opened his first store in 1849 and began a tradition of serving the health needs of ordinary people as cheaply as he could. After his son Jessie married Florence Rowe in 1886 the business began to greatly expand as she to interest in it. While the name was changed in 1888 to Boots Pure Drugs they began to sell all sorts of items including postcards by the 1890’s. These lithographic cards issued under the Pelham Series name included animals, art reproductions, patriotic themes, and view-cards. Many real photo cards were manufactured for them by Valentine’s. As time went on the colors in their cards grew more intense until they gave them an easily recognizable look. Boots grew into a chain of more than 800 stores.
George Borgfeldt & Co. 1881-1962
This importing firm founded by George Borgfeldt with Marcell and Joseph Kahle became a major assembler and distributor of dolls. They operated out of a number of different locations within New York City over the years and had many offices across the United Stares and Canada. They had used postcards with printed images of their business since the Pioneer era as advertising and for correspondence with their customers. In 1914 they began publishing a series of cut out military figures on postcards; a design originated by J. Alan Fletcher.
Sergey Ivanovich Borisov (1907-1914)
A photographer who documented scenes in south central Russia capturing both remote mountain landscapes and local types. At least 1,000 of his photographs were turned into photo-chromolithographic postcards, many of which were printed in Sweden.
A. Bortzells (1902-1908)
A publisher of chromolithographic holiday postcards.
A. C. Bosselman & Co. (1901-1919)
A publisher of national view-cards in tinted halftones. They also published a set on Blacks under the Sunny South Series. Their cards were printed in Germany.
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