METROPOSTCARD.COM GUIDE TO PUBLISHER Initials
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Guide to
Publisher’s Initials


This guide is meant to help in the identification of postcards publishers and printers when no full name appears on the card. While some publishers used initials exclusively to identify themselves, others alternated between their full name or logo without any consistency. Do to the nature of initials there are multiple publishers who used the same letters so this method of identification is by no means foolproof. It may also be difficult to determine if the initials belong to a publisher or to a printer, as the same company could function as one or the other or both at the same time. It may be noted that on many European cards the abbreviation may incorporate the name of the publisher’s town so they don’t exactly match the company name. Many times the full written name of the town may follow the initials, which is often confused with part of a persons name. Most initials will appear on the back of a card but sometimes they might be found on the front. In this case it is important not to confuse them with the initials of the artist who might have illustrated the card. This is not a complete list as many publisher’s full names remain unknown. Further information on the publishers highlighted in red may be found in our Publisher Section.

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A

A.

Hans Andres

Hamburg, Germany

A.A.

Anglo American Publishing Co.

London, England

A.&C.B.

A. & C. Black, Ltd.

London, England

A.&P.K.

Atkinson & Pollitt

Kendal, England

A.B.D.

Adolf Brendler

Dresden, Saxony

A.C.

Arthur Kapper

Topeka, Kansas

A.C.B.&Co.

A.C. Bosselman & Co.

New York, New York

A. Co.

Acmegraph Co.

Chicago, Illinois

A.E.

Axel Eliassons

Stockholm, Sweden

A.E.B.

A.E. Banks

Hove, England

A.E.&C.

A.&C. Coppock

Blackpool, England

A.G. & Co.

G. Ajelli & Co.

London, England

A.H. Co.

Albert Hahn Co.

New York, New York

A.&H.

Art and Humour Publishing Co.

London, England

A.I.V.

Angel Toldré Viazo

Barcelona, Spain

A.K.

A. Kagen

Boston, Massachusetts

A.L.

Aristophot Co. Ltd.

London, England

The A.M. Co.

Art Manufacturing Co.

Zanesville, Ohio

The A.M.P. Co.

Alcan Moss Publishing Co.

New York, New York

A.N.C.Y.N.

American News Co,

New York, New York

A.N. Co.

Atkinson News Co.

Tilton, New Hampshire

A.N.

Alfred Noyer Studio

Paris, France

A.O.B. Co.

A.O. Boeres

Phoenix, Arizona

A.P.

A. Papeghin

Paris, France

A.P.C.C.

Asbury Park Card Co.

Asbury Park, New Jersey

A.P. Co.

Avis Publishing Co.

Birmingham, England

A.P.C. Co.

Ashville Post Card Co.

Ashville, North Carolina

A.P.C. Co.

Auburn Post Card Mfg. Co.

Auburn, Indiana

A.R.&C.i.B.

Arthur Rehn & Co.

Berlin, Germany

A.R.W.

Arw Kiekjes

Java

A.S.

Alfred Schweizer

Hamburg, Germany

A.S.

A. Scheers

Brussells, Belgium

A.S. Co.

Arthur Schurer & Co.

Schoneberg, Germany

A.S.M.

A. Scrocchi

Milan, Italy

A.S.P. Co.

Alfred selige Publishing Co.

St. louis, Missouri

A.W.R.

A.W. Rosenzweig

Zurich, Switzerland

A.Y.

A.W. Yallop

Yarmouth, England

B

B.

L. Beard

Atlantic City, New Jersy

B.

Paul Bender

Zurich, Switzerland

B.A.C.

British Art Co.

London, England

B.A.P.Co.

Brooklyn Art Publishing Co.

New York, New York

B.&Co.

Bamforth & Co.

holmfirth, England

B.&Co.

Bradford & Co.

St. Joseph, Michigan

B.&D.

Blum & Degen

London, England

B.&W.

Brown & Woodley

Hastings, England

B.B.

Berger Bros. Publishers

Providence, Rhode Island

B.B. London

Birn Brothers, Ltd

London England

B.C. or B.C.C.

Braun, Clement & Co.

Paris, France

B. Co.

Bamforth & Co.

Holmfirth, England

B.D.

M. Barré: & J. Dayez

France

B.F.

Balconnier Freres

Algeria

B.H.C.

Conrad Hundt Co.

Germany

B.H. Co.

Bagby Howe Drug Co.

Louisville, Kentucky

B.I.T.Co.

Benham Indian Trading Co.

Los Angeles, California

B.K.W.I.

Bruder Kohn

Vienna, Austria

B.P.C. Co.

Braun Post Card Co.

Cleveland, Ohio

B.P.C.Co.

Brooklyn Post Card Co.

Brooklyn, New York

B.R. Co

Boughton Robbins Co.

Spokane, Washington

B.S.

Barton Spooner Co.

Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York

B.S.

B. Sirven

Paris, France

B.S.R. Co.

B.S. Reynolds Co.

Washington, D.C.

B.S.W.

Black & Schmidt

Vienna, Austria

B.W.

Brown & Woodley

White Rock, England

B.Y. Co

Blanchard, Young & Co.

Providence, Rhode Island

B.Z

Paul Bender

Zurich, Switzerland

C

C.

Helen A. Casterline

Buffalo, New York

C.A.K.

C.A. King Cigar & News Store

Geneva, New York

C.A.P.

Cie Alsacienne des Arts Photomecaniques

Strasburg, Germany

C.A.R

Edward V. Carcavallo

Naples, Italy

C.A.T.

Charles A. Townsend

Belfast, Maine

C. & O.

Chessler & Oberender

Baltamore, Maryland

C.B. & Co.

Collins Brothers & Co.

Sydney Australia

C.B.S.

College Book Store

Kingston, Ontario

C.-C.

G.M.H. Coleby-Clarke

London, England

C.C.C.

Cassens Card Co.

Belfast, Maine

C.C. Co.

Carolina Card Co.

Ashville, North Carolina

C.C.C.C.

Charles Collas & Co.

Cognac, France

C.C.C.C.

Commercial Colortype Co.

Chicago, Illinois

C.C.E. Co.

Central City Engraving Co.

Syracuse, New York

C.G.L.

Carl Garte

Leipzig, Saxony

C.H.

Cave & Hurley

Sydney, Australia

C.H.N.C.

C.H. Nadin

Chesterfield, England

C.H.P.

C.H. Pease

Canaan, Connecticut

C.H.S.

Charles H. Seddon

Providence, Rhode Island

C.J.

Charles Jalby

Albi, France

C.J.

C. Jeangette

Paris, France

C.J.

C. Jordi

Havana, Cuba

C.J.S.

C. Jurischeh

Salzburg, Austria

C.K.D.

Cramers Kunstanst

Dortmund, Germany

C.K.T.

Kunzli Brothers

Zurich, Switzerland

C.L.B.

C. Lardier

Besancon, France

C.L.W.

Charles LeWars

Reading, Pennsylvania

C.M.

C. Malcuit

Paris, France

C.M.&Co.

C. Modena & Co.

London, England

C.P.

Commercial Prat

Ripoll, Spain

C.P.C.

City Post Card Co.

London, England

C.P.C.

Cotswold Publishing Co., Ltd.

Wotton-Underedge, England

C.P.C.

Clear Pool Camp

Carmel, New York

C.P.C.&N. Co.

Century Post Card & Novelty Co.

New York, New York

C.P.C. Co.

Central Post Card Co.

Fort Scott, Kansas

C.P.C.C.M.

Continental Post Card Co.

Manchester, England

C.P.I.

Carte Postal Illustation Society

Paris, France

C.P.I.

Columbia Polytechnic Institute

Washington, D.C.

C.P.C.

City Postcard Co.

London, England

C.R.C.

Charles R. Childs

Chicago, Illinois

C.S.

Coll Salisti

Barcelona, Spain

C.S.

C. Stenders

Enebergrettiget, Holland

C.T.

Charles Tarrow

Middletown, New York

C.V.

Charles Voisey

London, England

C.V. Co.

Cardinell Vincent Co.

San Fransisco, California

C.W.&Co.Ltd.

Charles Worcester & Co., Ltd.

Bristol, England

C.W.H.

Charles W. Hughes

Mechanicville, New York

D

D.

Donauland Postcards

Vienna, Austria

D.B.

F.B. den Boer

Middleburg, Holland

D.B.

Danziger & Berman

New Haven, Connecticut

D.B.E.

Durie, Brown & Co.

Edinburgh, Scotland

D.E.&S., Ltd.

David Eisner & Son, Ltd. (City Postcards)

London, England

D.F.&Co.

Delittle Fenwick & Co.

York, England

D.F.W.

Dresdnor Farbentotofraphic Werkstadt

Dresden, Saxony

D.G.M.

Dell’Anna & Gasparini

Milan, Italy

D.J.H.

Deutches Jungendherbergwerk

Hamberg, Germany

D.K.B.

Divald Karoly

Budapest, Hungry

D.P.

Dawkes & Partridge

Wells, England

D.R.

Doncaster Rotophot Co., Ltd.

Duncaster, England

D.T. Co.

Dr. Trenkler Co.

Leipzig, Saxony

E

E.A.G.F.

E.A. Gotz

Franzenbad, Austria

E.A.S.

E.A. Seemann

Leipzig, Saxony

E.A.S.

E.A. Schwerdtfteger & Co.

London, England

E.B. & C.

Eduard Beuttner & Co.

Berlin, Germany

E.B.T.Co.

Emery, Bird, Thayer Co.

Kansas City, Missouri

E.&Co.B.

Edwards & Co.

Birmingham, England

E.C.K.

E.C. Kropp Co.

Milwaukee, Wisconson

E.D.L.

Emile Dumont

Leige, Belgium

E.D.W.

E.D. West Co.

South Yarmouth, Massachusetts

E.F.A.

Excelsior Fine Art Publishing Co.

London, England

E.G. Co.

Edward Gross Co.

New York, New York

E.H.H.

Ernest H. Heiland

Jersey City, NJ

E.J.H.

E.J. Hey & Co., Ltd.

London, England

E.K.M.

Emil Kohn

Nuremberg, Bavaria

E.L.

Theodore Eisman (Theochrome)

New York, New York

E.L.A.

Excelsior Fine Art Publishing Co.

London, England

E.L.D.

E. Le Delay

Paris, France

E.L.S.

East London Printing Co.

London, England

E.M.

E. Minka

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

E.M.T.

E.M. Cliche

Tunis, Tunisia

E.N.O.

I.L. Eno

San Diego, California

E.P.A.

Albert Phototype Establishment

Algers, Algeria

E.P.& P.

Empire P. & P. Co.

New York, NY

E.R.

E. Rabus

Paris, France

E.S

E. Sborgi

Florence, Italy

E.S

Ernst G. Svanstrom

Stockholm, Sweden

E.S.W.

E. Storch

Vienna, Austria

E.TW.D.&S.

E.T.W. Dennis & Sons, Ltd.

London, England

E.V.K.

Edmund Von Konig

Heidrlburg, Germany

E.V.R.

Enrico Verdesi

Rome, Italy

F

F.A.O. Co.

F.A. Owen Co.

Dansville, New York

F.A.S.

Frederick A. Stokes Co.

New York, New York

F.&S.

Frye & Smith. Ltd.

San Diego, California

F.&W.

Fisher & Wittig

Leipzig, Saxony

F.E.D.

Friedrich Eyfried

Dusseldorf, Germany

F.F.

F. Fleury

Paris, France

F.F.&Co.

F. Frankel

Londan, England

F.G.B.

Finkenrath & Grasnick

Berlin, Germany

F.G.S. Co.

Frank G. Smith Co.

Milwaikee, Wisconsin

F.G.T.Co.

F. G. Temme Co.

Newark, New Jersey

F.H.

Franz Huld

New York, New York

F.J.P.

F. L. Jedlicka

Prague, Czechoslovakia

F.K.D.

Krille & Martin

Dresden, Bavaria

F.K.G.

F. Knollmuller

Graz, Austria

F.K.

F. Kehrhan & Co.

Bexley Heath, England

F.L.

Frederic Laugier

Nice, France

F.M.

Ferenz-Martini

New York, New York

F.M.

F. Martin

Mexico City, Mexico

F.N.Y.

Fairman Co.

New York, New York

F.O.W.

Fredereick O. Wolter

Berlin, Germany

F.P.P. Co.

Fort Pitt Publishing Co.

Pittsburg, PA

F.Ph.G.

Farbenphotographische Gesellschaft

Stuttgart, Germany

F.W.K.R.

F.W.K. Reed

Bangor, Maine

G

G.

Sam Gabriel

New York, New York

G.A.

Gebruder Arnold

Leipzig, Saxsony

G.A.

German-American Novelty & Art Co.

New York, New York

G.A.&Co.

G. Ajelli & Co., Ltd

London, England

G.A.B.

Granbergs

Berlin, Germany

G.A. Co.

Gibson Art Co.

Cincinnati, Ohio

G.B. Co.

Gieson Brothers & Co.

London, England

G.d’O.

J. Gouttefangens

Olliergues, France

G.&M.

Gerstenberger & Muller

Bozen, Austria

G.&P.

Gale & Polden, Ltd.

Aldershot, England

G.B.

G. Burdricks

Cape Toen, South Africa

G.C.

Gravecraft Card Co.

Danville, Virginia

G.D.&D.L.

Gottschalk, Dreyfuss & Davis Co., Ltd.

London, England

G.D.L.

Gebruder Dietrich

Leipzig, Saxony

G.F.

G. Frederich

Leipzig, Saxony

G.F. Co.

Gustave Fischer Co.

Hartford, Connecticut

G.G.

Gutmann & Gutmann

New York, New York

G.G.S.

G. Giovanardi

Sydney, Australia

G.J.S.

Jaeger

Geneva, Switzerland

G.L.M.

G. Lips

Montreux, Switzerland

G.M.

Richter & Co.

Naples, Italy

G.M.C. Co.

Green Mountain Card Co.

White River Junction, Vermont

G.M.S.

Green Mountain Studios

White River Junction, Vermont

G.N. Co.

Gray News Co.

Salt Lake City, Utah

G.N.R.

Great Northern Railway

England

G.O.M.

Gebruder Obpacher

Munich, Bavaria

G.P.

G. Picard

Paris, France

G.P.

Gale & Polden, Ltd.

London, England

G.P.M.

G. Pini

Modenia, Italy

G.R.C.

G. Ricordi & Co.

Milan, Italy

G.Seda

Grafia-Sezione

Rome, Italy

G.W.

G.E. Watson

Long Beach, California

G.W.W.

G.W. Wilson & Co., Ltd

Aberdeen, Scotland

H

H.

Henderson Litho Co.

Cincinnati, Ohio

H.

Hockland Co. Co.

Germany

H.&B.

Harding & Billings

New Zealand

H.

Horwitz Brothers Co.

Elmira, New York

H.B.

Hutson Brothers, Ltd.

London, England

H.B.

Hoursch & Bechstedt

Cologne, Germany

H.B.&S.

Harvey Barton & Son

Bristol, England

H.C.&S,

H. Coates

Wisbech, England

H. Co.

F.G. Henry Co.

New York, New York

H.G.

Henri Georges

Brussels, Belgium

H.G.G.W.L.

H. Graham Glen

Wertley, Leeds, England

H.G.L.

Henry Garner - Living Picture Post Card Co.

Leicester, England

H.H.

Harold Hahn Co.

New Haven, Connecticut

H.H. Co.

Henry Heininger Co.

New York, New York

H.H. Co.

H. Hagemiester Co.

New York, New York

H.H.T. Co.

H.H. Tammen Co.

Denver, Colorado

H.K&Co.

Hubert Kohler & Co.

Munich, Bavaria

H.L Co.

Hugo Lang & Co.

Liverpool, England

H.L. Co.

Hugn C. Leighton Co.

Portland, Maine

H.L.N.&Co.

H.L. Nichols & Co.

Nampa, Idaho

H.L.W.

H.L. Woeler

Buffalo, New York

H.M.

Hauser & Menet

Madrid, Spain

H.M.&Co.

Henry Moss & Co.

London, England

H.P.

H. Phillips

Katoomba, Australia

H.P.C. Co.

Harry P. Cann & Bros. Co.

Baltimore, Maryland

H.&S,

Hayton & Son

Carlisle, England

H.S.M.

Hermann Sonntag

Munich, Bavaria

H.S.T.

H. Sting

Tubingen, Germany

H.S.V.

H.S.V. Lithograph Co.

New York, New York

H.St.C.

Herman Striemann

Cottbus, Germany

H.V.&C.

H. Vertigan & Co.

London, England

H.W,B.

Hermann Wolff

Berlin, Germany

H.W,M.

H. Wutz

Munich, Bavaria

H.W.P. Co

Hoover-Watson Printing Co.

Indianapolis, Indiana

I

I.A.

International Art Co.

London, England

I.C.

Ingram Clarke & Co., Ltd

Ilfracombe, England

I.F.A.

International Fine Art Co.

Montreal, Canada

I.M.O.

I. & M. Ottenheimer Co.

Baltimore, Maryland

I.P.C.C.

Illustrated Post Card Co.

New York, New York

I.P.C. Co.

Import Post Card Co.

New York, New York

I.P.C. Co.

International Post Card Co.

Montreal, Canada

I.P.C. Co.

Imperial Post Card Co.

Atlanta, Georgia

I.R.

I. Robbins & Sons

Boston, Massachusetts

I.R.S.

I. Robbins & Sons

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

I.S.

I. Steinfelt

Lancaster, Pennsylvania

I.S.

Ignatz Stern

New York, New York

I.S.N. Co

Interstate News Co.

Minneapolis, Minnesota

I.T.S.Inc.

Inter Mountain Tourist Supply Co.

Salt Lake City, Utah

J

J.&S.Ltd. T. on T.

J.M. Jackson & Son, Ltd.

Grimsby, England

J.A. & Co.

J.W. Asher & Co.

London, England

J.B.

Julius Bien

New York, New York

J.B.&Co.

J. Beagles & Co.

London, England

J.B.H.

J.B. Hoffman

NHarrisburg, Pennsylvania

J.C.V.P.C.Co.

John C. Voight Post Card Co.

Jersey City, New Jersey

J.F.A.

John F. Amonn

Bozen, Germany

J.F.H.

Frank Hurley

Sydney, Australia

J.G.

J. Granet

Mexico City, Mexico

J.H.&S,

James Henderson & Sons, Ltd.

London, England

J.J.

Jullian Freres

Geneva, Switzerland

J.J.K.&Co.

J.J. Keliher & Co., Ltd.

London, England

J.M.&Co., Ltd.

J.A. McCulloch & Co., Ltd.

Edinburg, Scotland

J.J.N.&Co.

J.J. Newberry & Co.

Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania

J.K.A,

Jones, Keyser & Arras

New York, New York

J.K.N.Y.

Joseph Koehler

New York, New York

J.K.T.

J. Kron

Trier, Germany

J.L.

J. Lacoste

Madrid, Spain

J.L.M.Jr.

J.L. Mauro, Jr.

Panama City, Panama

J.L.R. Co.

J.L. Robbins Co.

Spokane, Washington

J.M.J. Co.

J.M. Jackson & Son

Grimsby, England

J.P.B.

J.B. Bell Co.

Lynchburg, Virginia

J.P.P.

J. Plichta

Prague, Bohemia

J.R.

Ruben Publishing Co.

Newburgh, New York

J.R.H.

J. Raymond Howe

Chicago, Illinois

J.R.W.

J.R. Waeger

Echternach, Belgium

J.S.

J.J. Samuels, Ltd

London, England

J.S.

J. Solomon

New London, Connecticut

J.S.K.

Johann Saska

Krems, Germany

J.S.McD.

J.S. McDermott

St. Louis, Missouri

J.S.P.

J. Svec

Prague, Bohemia

J.S.W.

J.S. Wooley

Ballston Spa, New York

J.T.&Co.

John Thridgould & Co.

London, England

J.T.S.

J. Thomas Smith

Baltimore, Maryland

J.V.H. Co.

J.V. Hartman & Co.

Boston, Massachusetts

J.W.B.

J.W. Bland

London, England

J.W.S.

J. Welch & Sons

Portsmouth, England

K

K.

Koppell Color Cards

Hawthorne, New Jersey

K.

Kyle Co.

Louisville, Kentucky

K.

Yamadashi Kaigakenkyukai

Tokyo, Japan

K.A.G.

Granbergs

Stockholm, Sweeden

K.Amp;K.

Kettling & Kruger

Schalkmuhle, Germany

K.F.

Kunzli Freres

Paris, France

K.K.

Karl Kuhne

Vienna, Austria

K.L.H.

Arthur Klitzach & Co.

The Hague, Holland

K.N.

Knackstedt & Nather

Hamburg, Germany

K.P.C.C.

Kansas Post Card Co.

Salina, Kansas

K.S.C.

Kingston Souvenir Co.

Kingston, New York

K.W.M.

K. Witt-Mollers

Copenhagen, Denmark

L

L.&B.

Landeker & Brown

London, England

L.&Co.G.

Loffier & Co.

Greiz, Saxony

L.&E.

Lubrie & Elkins

New York, New York

L.&L.

Lehnert & Landrock

Cairo, Egypt

L.G.

William Lyon

Glasgow, Scotland

L.G.N.

L. Gross

Nice, France

L.&H.

Lowman & Hanford Co.

Seattle, Washington

L.P.

Landscape, Photographic and Fine Art Publishers

Llandrindod Wells, Wales

L.&L.T.

Lehnert & Landrock

Tunis, Tunisia

L.V. Co.

Leighton & Valentine Co.

New York, New York

L.C. Co

Loft House, Crosbie & Co.

London, England

L.F.

Labouene Freres

Toulouse, France

L.F.B.

Lorenz Franzl

Bolzano, Austria

L.H.

Lichtenstern & Harare

Cairo, Egypt

L.K. &am; Son

Louis Kaufmann & Son

Baltimore, Maryland

L.K.F.

L. Klement

Frankfurt, Germany

L.L.

Lucien Levy

Paris, France

L.M.

Leo Meyer

Easton, Pennsylvania

L.S.B.

L. Saalfeld

Berlin, Germany

L.S.St.

L. Schallier

Stuttgart, Germany

L.V. Co.

London View Co.

London, England

M

M.

Gustavo Modiano & Co.

Milan & Genoa, Italy

M.

Mezzograph Co.

Chicago, Illinois

M.

K. Mikimoto

Phiadelphia, Pennsylvania

M.A.

M. Abrams

Roxbury, Massachusetts

M.A.S.

A. Scrocchi

Milan, Italy

M. &Co.

Mitch & Co., Ltd.

London, England

M.&L.

Millar & Lang, Ltd.

London, England & Glasgow, Scotland

M.&S.

Misch & Stock Co.

London, England

M.D.&Co.

Marcuse, Day & Co.

London, England

M.B.

Marken & Bielfeld, Inc.

Frederick, Maryland

M.B.

Meissner & Buch

Leipzig, Saxony

M.B.

Moore Brothers

Compton, California

M.B.

Morris Berman

New Haven, Connecticut

M.B.E.

Max Biegel

Elberfgeld, Germany

M.B.S.C. Co.

Max B. Sheffer Card Co.

Chicago, Illinois

Mc.

McKee Printing Co.

Butte, Montana

Mc.&Co.

McCreery & Co.

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

M.D.&Co.

Marcuse Day & Co.

London, England

M.E.&Co.

Max Ettlinger & Co.

London, England & New York, NY

M.F.

Mexico Fotografico

Guadelupe, Mexico

M.H.

Midas & Hahn

New Haven, Connecticut

M.I. Co.

Metropolitan Importing Co.

New York, New York

M.J.R.B.

M.J. Ridley

Bournemouth, England

M.K.

M. Kashower Co.

Los Angeles, California

M.K.&T.

Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway

St. Louis, Missouri & Dallas, Texas

M.K.B.

Moderner Kunst-Veriag

Berlin, Germany

M.&L.

Millar & Lang Art Publishing Co.

Glasgow, Scotland

M.L.

Leo Meyer

Easton, Pennsylvania

M.L.S.&Co.

M.L. Samter & Co.

New York, New York

M.M.Br.

Marco Marcovici

Brussels, Belgium

M.M. Vienne

M. Munk

Vienna, Austria

M.N. Co.

Metropolitan News Co.

Boston, Massachusetts

M.P. Co.

Majestic Publishing Co.

Indianapolis, Indiana

M.P. Co.

Midland Publishing Co.

New York, New York

M.P. Co.

Miller Paper Co., Inc.

Syracuse, New York

M.R.

Mike Roberts

Berkley, California

M.&S.

Misch & Stock

London, England

M.S.

Max Sinz

Dresden, Saxony

M.S.

Medici Society

London, England

M.S.A.

Attilo Scrocchi

Milan, Italy

M.S.O.

McCaw, Stevenson & Orr, Ltd

Belfast, Ireland

M.V.

Murray Views

Gympie, Australia

N

N.

Neuner Printing & Litho. Co.

Los Angeles, California

N.

Novitas

Berlin, Germany

N.&C.

Nicholson & Carter

Carisle, England

N.&O.

Nenke & Ostermaier

Dresden, Saxony

N.S.A.

N.G. Basevi

Rome, Italy

N. Co.

Nerlich & Co.

Toronto, Canada

N.D.

Neurdein Freres

Paris, France

N.E.N.

New England News Co.

Boston, Massachusetts

N.F.A. Co.

National Fine Arts Co.

New York, New York

N.J.P.C. Co.

New Jersey Post Card Co.

Newark, New Jersey

N.M.&A. Co.

Novelty Mfg. & Art Co.

Los Angeles, California

N.P.C.

Northern Photo Co.

Wausau, Wisconsin

N.P.C. Co.

Newman Post Card Co.

Los Angeles, California

N.P.G.

Neue Photograpische Gesellschaft AG.

Berlin, Germany

N.Y.&E.N.

New York & Eastern News Co.

New Haven, Connecticut

N.Y.Z.P.

New York Zoological Society

New York, New York

N.W.A. Co.

North Wales Advertising Co. Co.

Rhyl, Wales

O

O.&A.

Osboldstone & Atkins

Melbourne, Australia

O.&G.L.

Ormiston & Glass

London, England

O.D&Co.

olga Diakow & Co.

Berlin, Germany

O.F.

O. Flammger (British agent for Stengel)

England

O.K.

H.O. Korton

New York, New York

O.K. News

O.K. News Corp.

Geneva, New York

O.N.C.

Oscar Newman Co.

Los Angeles, California

O.N.C.P.O.

Oregon News Co.

Portland, Oregon

O.P.F.

Osnabrucker Paper Mfg. Co.

London, England

O.R.

OR Editions Artisques

Reims, France

O.Z.M.

Ottmar Zieher

Munich, Bavaria

P

P.

Theodore Pearson Co.

Minniapolis, Minnesota

P.

Platinachrome Co.

New York, New York

P.A.

Peter Alstrups

Kristiana, Norway

P.A.G.

Postkarten Industrie, AG.

Vienna, Austria

P.A.P.

Photo Albert Perret

Gard, France

P.&C.M.

Pace & Co.

Milan, Italy

P. & Co.

Purger & Co.

Munich, Bavaria

P.B.

Pierson Brothers

Binghamton, New York

P. Co.

Phototypie Co.

Neuchatel, Germany

P. Co.

Photochrome Co., Ltd.

Turnbridge Wells, England

P. Co., N.Y.

Platinachrome Co.

New York, New York

P.&G.

Palm & Beyerlin

Wasseralflingen, Germany

P.C.K.

Paul C. Koeber Co.

Kircheim, Germany

P.C.N.C.L.

Post Card Novelty Co.

Liverpool, England

P.D.

Pablo Dummatron

Barcelona, Spain

P.E.C.

P.E. Chauffourier

Rome, Italy

P.E. Co.

Photogelatine Engraving Co., Ltd.

Toronto, Canada

P.E.Q.

Quebec Photo Engravers

Quebec, Canada

P.F.B.

Paul Finkenrath

Berlin, Germany

P.F.W.

Paul F. Weber

Leipzig, Saxony

P.I.B.

Ringoet Phototype Industries

Brussels, Belgium

P.J.G.

P.J. Gallais & Son

Paris, France

P.L. Paris

P. Lamm

Paris, France

P.L.W.

P. Ledermann

Vienna, Austria

P.M.P. Co.

Pratt Mendson Paper Co.

Des Moines, Iowa

P.M.&Co.

Pascalis, Moss & Co.

Des Moines, Iowa

P.N.C.

Pacific Novelty Co.

San Francisco, California

P.P.

Pastel Publishing Co.

London, England

P.P.

Photo Perrochet

Lausanne, Switzerland

P.P.

Pictograph Publishing Co.

London, England

P.P.&P. Co.

Photographic Printing & Publishing Co.

Surrey, England

P.P.A,

P. Pittier

Annecy, France

P.P.C.

Philco Publishing Co.

London, England

P.P.C. Co.

Patton Post Card Co.

Salem, Oregon

P.P.C. Co.

Portland, Post Card Co.

Portland, Oregon

P.P. Co

Philadelphia Postal Press

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

P.R.V. Co.

Paul R. Vogel Co.

Chicago, Illinois

P.S.

Philip Sander

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

P.V.K.Z.

Kungli Ferres

Paris, France

P.T.L.

P.T.L. Art de Vienne

Vienna, Austria

P.Z.

Photoglob Co.

Zurich, Switzerland

R

R.A.

Radermacher, Aldous & Co.

London, England

R.A.P. Co.

Regal Art Publishing Co.

London, England

R.&C.

Richardson & Co.

London, England

R.&C.

Richter & Co.

Naples, Italy

R.&Co.T.

Rumsey & Co.

Toronto, Canada

R.F.H.

Regent Publishing Co.

London, England

R.&J.D.

Rommler & Jonas

Dresden, Saxony

R.&N.

Reinthal & Newman

New York, New York

R.B.

Robbins Brothers

Boston, Massachusetts

R.B.

Rudolpf Brothers

Syracuse, New York

R.B.S.

R.B. Sekine

Tokyo, Japan

R.F.A.

Regent Fine Art Co., Ltd.

London, England

R.H.

J. Raymond Howe

Chicago, Illinois

R.&J.D.

Rommler & Jonas

Dresden, Saxony

R.K.H.

Rubazahl-Kunstverlag Hockendorf & Co.

Hirschberg, Germany

R.L.H.

R. Lederbogen

Halberstadt, Germany

R.M.

R. Mosinger

Zagreb, Greece

R.M.

Rostar & Munier

Nice, France

R.N. Co.

Richmond News Co.

Richmond, Virginia

R.P. Co.

Royal Publishing Co.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

R.P. Co.

J. Rubin Publishing Co.

Newburgh, New York

R.P.C.

Rotary Photographic Co.

London, England

R.P.P. Co.

Robert Peel Postcard Co.

Oxford, England

R.S.

Ruskin Studio Art Press

London, England

R.T. Co

Rumsey & Co.

Toranto, Canada

R.T.&S.

Raphael Tuck & Sons

London, England

R.Z.N.

R. Zeddo

Naples, Italy

S

S.

A.W. Santway

New York, New York

S.

Adolph Selige Publishing Co.

St. Louis, Missouri

S.A.

Steingart Associates

South Fallsburg, New York

S.&D.

Sanderson & Dixon

Ambleside, England

S.&M.

Strauss & Muller

New York, New York and Berlin, Germany

S.&S. Co.

S. & S. Post Card Co.

Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania

S.B.

Samson Brothers

New York, New York

S.B

Schild-Bichael

Brienz, Switzerland

S.B.

Solomon Brothers

London, England

S.B.P.

St. Anne Belge de Phototypie

Brussels, Belgium

S.C,B.L.

Girma Library

Cahors, France

S.C. Co.

Sanford Card Co.

Dansville, New York

S. Co.

Schmidt Brothers & Co.

Chicago, Illinois

S.D.B.

Darwin D. Silberer & Bros.

New York, New York

S.D.T.

Schaar & Dathe, Ltd.

Trier, Germany

S&E.

Shoesmith & Etheridge, Ltd.

Hastings, England

S.E.C.

Societa Editrice Cartolinr

Turin, Italy

S.E.C.D.

Sallo Epstein & Co.

Durban, South Africa

S.G

Societe Graphique

Neuchatel, France

S.G.K.B.

George Selle

Berlin, Germany

S.H.

Siegmund Hilderscheimer & Co.

London & Manchester, England

S.H.M.

Huecograbado Mumbra

Barcelona, Spain

S.I.P.

Société Industrielle de Photograpie

Rueil, France

SCH.K.V.

Hans Boettcher

Stuttgart, Germany

S.J.H.

S.J. Hayward

Montreal, Canada

S.K.

Suhling & Koehn

Chicago, Illinois

S.K.&Co.

S.H. Knox & Co.

Chicago, Illinois & Buffalo, New York

S.L.&Co.

S. Langsdorf Co.

New York, New York

S.L.&Co.

Stecher Lithograph Co.

Rochester, New York

S.L. Co.

Security Lithograph Co.

San Francisco, California

S.M. Co

Salzberg’s Merchandise Co.

Atlantic City, New Jersey

S.M.N.

Netherlands Steamship Co.

Rotterdam, Holland

S.M.P.

Salon Malarzy Polkskich

Krakow, Poland

S.N. Co.

Scranton News Co.

Scranton, Pennsylvania

S.N. Co.

Smith News Co.

San Francisco, California

S.P.C. Co.

Standard Post Card Co.

Phiadelphia, Pennsylvania

S.P. Co.

Standard Publishing Co.

Cincinnati, Ohio

S.P.C. Co.

Souvenir Post Card Co.

New York, New York

S.P.C. Co

Spokane Post Card Co.

Spokane, Washington

S.S.

Samuel Strauss

Brooklyn, New York

S.S. Co.

Seawell Specialty Co.

Galveston, Texas

S.S.K.

S.S. Kress &Co.

Nanticoke, Pennslyvania

S.S.P.C. Co.

S.S. Post Card Co.

New York, New York

S.V.C. Co.

Scenic View Card Co.

San Francisco, California

St.L.P.C. Co.

St. Louis Post Card Co.

St. Louis, Missouri

St.P.S. Co.

St. Paul Souvenir Co.

St. Paul, Minnesota

St.Z.F,

Stehli Freres

Zurich, Switzerland

St.&Co.D.

Stengel & Co.

Dresden, Saxony

S.W.

Samuel Wood

Sydney, Australia

T

T.A. Co.

Taylor Art Co.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

T.A. Co.

Tichnor Art Co.

Los Angeles, California

T.B.

Thomas Bolton

Cambridgeshire, England

T.B.

Tichnor Brothers, Inc.

Boston, Massachusetts

T.B.C.

The Bagley Co.

East Liverpool, Ohio

T.B.M.

Tacon Brothers

Manchester, England

T. Co.

Curt Teich Co.

Chicago, Illinois

T. Co.

Trinks & Co.

Leipzig, Saxony

T.D.

T. Deliavo

Genoa, Italy

T.E.L.

Theodor Eismann (Theochrome)

New York, New York

T.H.C. Ltd.

The Heliotype Co., Ltd.

Ottawa, Canada

T.K.

T. Kishida & Co.

Shanghai, China

T.K.V.

Tiroler Fine Arts

Innsbruck, Austria

T.M.

Alberto Traldi

Milan, Italy

T.N.Y.N. Co.

New York Novelty Co.

New York, New York

T.P. & Co.

Taylor, Pratt Co.

New York, New York

T.R. Co.

The Rose Co.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

T.S.

Tecnograpf Spa

Palermo, Italy

T.S.

Theodor Stroefer

New York, New York

T.S.

Trautmann & von Seggera

Hamburg, Germany

T.S.B.

Theodore Schuller

Brussels, Belgium

T.S. Co.

The Simplicity Co.

Grand Rapids, Michigan

T.S.B.

Theodor Stroefer

Nuremburg, Bavaria

T.S.P.

The Sparrell Print

Boston, Massachusetts

T.T.&S.

Taylor, Thomas & Son

Scarborough, England

U

U.

Ullman Manufacturing Co.

New York, New York

U.A. Co.

United Photographic Stores

Montreal, Canada

U.A. Paris

Uniom Artistique

Paris, France

U.&U.

Underwood & Underwood

New York, New York

U.R.S.M.

Ufficio Revisione Stampa

Milan, Italy

U.S.S.P.C. Co.

United States Souvenir Post Card Co.

New York, New York

V

V.&Cie.

Vanderanwera & Co.

Brussels, Belgium

V.&Cie.

Vouga & Co.

Geneva, Switzerland

V.&S.

Valentine & Sons

Dundee, Scotland

V.B.

Valentine Black & Co.

Toronto, Canada

V.C.

Vincent V. Colby

Denver, Colorado

V.D.C.B.

Carl V. D. Boogaart

Wiesbaden, Germany

V.F.

Valentine Ferres

Brussels, Belgium

V.H.

Vickory & Hill Publishing Co.

Augusta, Maine

V.H

Van Hoecke

Brussels, Belgium

V.H.O.

Theodor Von Hemert

Oosterhou, Holland

V.F.M.

Franz Morti

Vienna, Austria

V.M.M.

Valsts Makslas Muzeja

Riga, Latvia

V.N.C.

Van Nuys Interstate Co.

Van Nuys, California

Vo-Dw

Van Os-DeWolf

Antwerp, Belgium

V.&Cie.

Vanderanwera & Co.

Brussels, Belgium

V.W.S.

Walker’s Post Card Shop, Rochester, New York

Brussels, Belgium

W

W.

J.I. Williams

Worcester, Massachusetts

W.

Wehrli A.G.

Zurich, Switzerland

W.

F.W. Woolworth Co.

New York, New York

W.

Hiram Walker & Sons

Walkerville, Canada

W.

C.R. Wistchka

Vienna, Austria

W.A.

Charles Wesley Andrews

Portland, Oregon

W.A.F.

W.A. Field

London, England

W.A.&S.

William Aston & Sons

Southport, England

W.&Co.

Wolf & Co.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

W.&K.

Wilt & Kray

London, England

W.&K.

Watkins & Kracke

London, England

W.&L.M.

W. & L. Midas

New Haven, Connecticut

W.&S.H.

Weeneck & Snel

The Hague, Holland

W.A.&S.S.

William Ashton & Sons

Southport, England

W.B.

W. Baylis Post Card Co.

Cedar Rapids, Iowa

W.B.

Woolstone Brothers

London, England

W.B.&R.

Warwick Brothers

Rutter, Canada

W.C.A.

War Correspondence Association

New York, New York

W.D.M.

W. Denis Moss

Cirencester, England

WELGO

Wellens & Godenne

Brussels, Belgium

W.F.B.

Wilheim Frey

Basel, Switzerland

W.G.H.

William G. Hoffman

Chicago, IL

W.H.

Wolff Hagelberg

New York, New York

W.H.B.

W.H. Bechtel

Asbury Park, New Jersey

W.H.S.&S.

W.H. Smith & Son

Eastbourne, England

W.J.

William Jubb Co.

Syracuse, New York

W.K

W. Kardonski

Colon, Panama

W.L.B.

Wohgelmuth & Lissner

Berlin, Germany

W.L.E.

W.L. Erwin

Harpers Ferry, West Virginia

W.M.L. Co.

White Mountain Letter Co.

Plymouth, New Hampshire

W.N.S.B.

W.N. Sharpe Co.

Bedford, England

W.P. Co.

Williamsport Paper Co.

Williamsport, Pennsylvania

W.R.S.

William Richie & Sons, Ltd

Edinburg, Scotland

W.R.M.&Co.

Walter R. Miller & Co.

Binghampton, New York

W.R.T. Co.

W.R. Thompson & Co.

Richmond, Virginia

W.S

Walter Scott

Bradford, England

W.S.H.

W.S. Heal

New York, New York

W.T.P.

W.T. Pater

Melbourne, Australia

W.V

Wiechmann

Munich, Bavaria

Z

Z.F.B.A.

Z. Fumagalti

Argentina

ZIM

H.G. Zimmerman & Co.

Chicago, Illinois




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