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Z - ARTISTS
Adelina Zandrino 1893-1995
Zandrino worked as a painter and illustrator who began exhibiting in 1913. During the First World War she produced some propaganda work, but she is best known for the posters and glamour postcards she designed in the 1920’s. Many of these have symbolic and erotic content. During the 1930’s she began producing painted ceramics.
Vittorio Zecchin 1878-1947
By the time Zecchin left the Venetian Academy in 1901 he was so discouraged by the lack of acceptance to new ideas that he gave up art altogether. He moved back to his home town where he found a job in the civil service, but by 1908 his newly found friends inspired him to begin painting and exhibiting once more. Zecchin would come to do much graphic work, including postcards inspired by Art Nouveau. He also designed furniture and ceramics but he is best known for his designs in glass made for Cappillin & Company, where he also became art director.
Karl Zewy 1855-1929
Zewy was a painter of sentimental subjects. Though many of his images were reproduced on postcards, they were not specifically designed for them.
Rudolf Heinrich Zille 1858-1929
In 1877 Zillie began working as a lithographer at a commercial graphic arts workshop, a position he would hold for thirty years. He soon began making his own illustrations commenting on the social concerns of the day. He took up etching in the early 1890’s, and the results clearly demonstrated he had become an artist. In 1894 Zille moved to Berlin where he took up photography. While he also painted typical genre subjects, most of his photo work and illustrations dealt with the everyday life of the working class. He did not shy away from showing the seedier side of Berlin including some work that was considered pornographic. He began showing with the Berlin Secession in 1901 and with the help of Max Liebermann, he became a member two years latter. His work was used in the magazines Jugend, Simplicissimus, Die Lustingen Batter, and Ulk, and through this exposure he became very well known. Some of this work continued to be placed on postcards during World War One, but while many other artists were producing propaganda, Zille concentrated on satire. In 1924 he became a member of the Prussian Academy and began teaching there as a professor. He remains one of the most popular of all Berlin artists.
Franciszek Zmurko 1858-1910
Zmurko moved to Krakow at a young age to study at the School of Fine Art. He would move onto Vienna in 1877 to enter the Academy there but soon left to study in Munich. After returning to Poland he eventually settled down in Warsaw in 1877 but made long trips abroad to Milan, Paris, and St. Petersburg. Zmurko was a symbolist painter working in an emotional style popular in Poland at this time. A number of his paintings were placed on postcards.
Ludwin von Zumbusch 1861-1927
Kaspar Ritter Zunbusch was a well known sculptor, and he saw to it that his son Ludwin studied at the Academies in Vienna and Munich, and then at the Academy Julian in Paris. On returning to Munich he showed with the Secession, but began teaching at the Academy in 1905. While his dark naturalistic paintings fell within the style of the Munich School, his graphic work for postcards and his magazine illustrations for Jugend were much lighter and influenced by Art Nouveau.
Boris Vasilevich Zvorykin 1872-1942
Zvorykin was a multi-talented artist who painted frescos in cathedrals, and did graphic work for the theatre and postcard publishers. In 1920 he moved to Paris where he concentrated on illustrating Russian folk and fairy tales. Much of his work also appears on modern postcard art reproductions.
Hubert von Zwickle 1875-1950
Zwickle studied at the Vienna School of Applied Arts from 1892. He worked designing furniture, jewelry, and mosaics. He also did graphic work in the form of book illustrations and postcard design for the Wiener Werkstätte.