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Hanna Nagel   1907-1975
German, b. Heidelberg

Nagel briefly worked as an apprentice for a bookbinder before entering the Baden State Art School in Karlsruhe in 1925. After graduating in 1929, with a good knowledge of etching, she moved to Berlin to attend the U.S. School for Free and Applied Arts. During the 1930’s she worked as an illustrator and graphic artist but found less and less opportunities as her images sharply clashed with nazi ideology. Eventually she was reduced to only design a few calendars and postcards. She married the painter Hans Fischer in 1939, but they separated in 1947 and she moved back to Heidelberg. That same year she suffered a severe arm ailment and had to switch using her left hand for drawing to her right.


Hiromitsu Nakazawa   1874-1964
Japanese, b. Tokyo

Nakazawa began studying Western painting techniques at an early age. Later he would refine this knowledge at the Tokyo School of Fine arts and continue studying with selected masters after his graduation in 1900. He became an important book designer and illustrator, and produced many landscape prints as well. Nakazawa’s work was included in the Bunten and Teiten exhibitions. While the postcards he designed for Chugaku Sekai have a Japanese graphic look to them with strong abstract qualities, his paintings were produced in an impressionistic Western style. He is also known to have written reviews on postcard design.


Giovanni Nanni   1888-1969

Nanni began designing postcards when he began his career as a painter and illustrator during the First World War. While he produced many advertising cards, he is best known for his glamorous fashion cards. They often depict highly stylized women in big hats and long scarves where the decorative patterns of the fabric become more important than the portraiture. He continued to produce postcards in this modern style into the 1930’s.


Georgy Ivanovich Narbut   1886-1920
Ukrainian, b. Narbutivka

In 1906 Narbut moved to St. Petersburg to study with Ivan Biliban, and later continued his studies in Munich in 1909. On returning to Russia he joined Mir Iskusstva in 1910 and began a career of illustrating books, magazines and postcards. His Art Nouveau style was heavily influenced by Russian folk art, and like Bilibin, folk tales and fables became a stable of his work. He is known however to have also created a large number of silhouettes. After the Ukraine became a National Republic in 1917, Narbut moved to Kiev where in addition to illustrative work he designed postage stamps and bank notes for the new nation. He died of typhus during the epidemic that swept the region during the Russian Civil War.


Vassil Ivanovich Navozov   1862-1919
Russian, b. Moscow

Between 1874 and 1980 Navozov studied decorative design at the Stroganov Institute of Art. He would later become a member of the Moscow Academy. He painted landscapes and social narratives throughout Russia, using these same themes in his designs for early postcards.


Arnold Nechansky   1888-1938
Austrian, b. Vienna

Between 1909 and 1913 Nechansky studied at the School of Applied Art in Vienna, and was already designing jewelry, silverware, textiles, ceramics, and postcards for the Wiener Werkstätte by 1912. In 1919 he moved to Berlin where he would teach for fourteen years, but he also worked there designing wallpaper and buildings.


Einar Nerman   1888-1983
Swedish, B. Narrkoping

In 1905 Nerman moved to Stockholm to study art, and between 1908 and 1912 he attended the Academy Matisse in Paris. In 1919 he left for London to dance in the Ballet but he did not find it suited to him and returned to Sweden. The contacts he made there however landed him a job as a theatrical cartoonist for The Tatler and Eve magazines when he came back in 1921. Many believe that his caricatures are his best work. He returned once more to Sweden in 1930 where he not only illustrated children’s books but the socialist writings of his brother Ture. Although Nerman painted, he also created a great deal of graphic work in a flat and simple style, often imbued with subtle forms of humor. He designed movie posters, about 1,000 holiday postcards, and advertisements most notably for Sun matchbook where he modeled the Solstickan Boy after his own son. During World War Two he moved to New York City where he found work drawing caricatures of film stars. He would not return to Sweden until 1950.


Peter Newell   1862-1924
American, b. near Rice Corners, Illinois

In 1883 Newell moved to New York City to study at the Art Students League, but moved back to Illinois the following year to set up a studio in Springfield. He quickly found work providing humorous illustrations and poems to Harper’s Weekly, Harper’s Bazar, Scribner’s, The Saturday Evening Post, and Judge, magazine. Many of these illustrations would be placed on postcards. Newell also illustrated a number of odd shaped novelty children’s books as well as a number of classic titles. By 1905 he had launched his own comic strip, The Naps of Polly Sleepyhead for the New York Herald. This work had eventually brought him back to New York and he settled down in Little Neck on Long Island, though he traveled extensively.


Maurice Louis Henri Neumont    1868-1930
French, b. Paris

After studying at the Academy of Fine Arts in Paris, Neumont had a long career as a painter and illustrator. A number of his lithographs were reproduced on magazines and postcards that include a set of nudes. During World War One he produced a number of propaganda posters that were also produced as postcards. Neumont was a member of the art literary group The Cornet.


Rolf Niczky   1881-1950
Bavarian, b. Munich

Niczky worked primarily as a portrait painter but he also produced illustrations for postcards, propaganda posters and magazines such as Elegantewelt, Lustige Blatter, and Die Dame. In 1901 he became a founding member of the artist group Phalanx. In 1924 he began teaching fashion illustration at the Reimann School in Berlin.


Kathleen Irene Nixon   1894-1988

Kay Nixon studied painting at the Camden and Birmingham Schools of Art before moving to India. During her twenty-five year stay she worked on a number of art projects including murals and posters for the Indian State Railway. On returning to England she became known for the forty children’s books she illustrated such as Brer Rabbit, Furry Farmyard Friends, and Bird Families. Some of these stories she wrote herself. A number of these illustrations were placed on postcards. Though Nixon’s style displays the influence of Japanese woodblocks, it remains deeply rooted in the British illustrative tradition.


Plinio Nomellini   1866-1943
Italian, B. Livorno

Monellini first studied at the School for Arts & Crafts in Livoro, and then moved to Florence in 1885 to attend the Academy there. After moving to Genoa in 1889 he began producing watercolors in a pointillist style. There he and fellow artists formed a progressive group (Gruppo d’Albano) whose political leanings caught the attention of authorities. Nomellini had been painting images in support of striking workers, and by 1894 he was arrested as an anarchist. It was only through the great efforts made by his friends that he was released from prison. In 1902 he moved to Torre del Lago, and again in 1908 to Lido di Camaire; which were both remote areas where he could concentrate on his landscape painting in peace. Since the turn of the 20th century he had increasingly come under the influence of the Symbolists, which he infused into his own expressive style. This is most evident in the patriotic paintings he made during the First World War, many of which were published as postcards. After returning to Florence in 1919 he concentrated on his landscape work; traveling to nearby Mediterranean islands for inspiration, and setting up a studio on Elba.


Juliusz Stephan Norblin de la Gourdaine   1892-1952
Polish, b. Warsaw

Stephan had come from a long line of painters, his great grandfather being the renowned painter Jean-Pierre Norblin who had moved to Poland from France. He began creating graphic work prior to World War One, but his career was interrupted in 1920 when he fought in the Polish Soviet War. In the years that followed he worked as a painter, illustrator, and designer in advertising, fashion and the theater. While he produced many postcards in an Art Deco style, he is better known for his travel posters of Poland. In 1939 he left for Iraq to paint portraits of the royal family, only to find he could not return home once World War Two broke out. In 1942 he went to India to design the palace interior for Maharaji Gaj Singh. He did not want to return to a communist controled Poland at the wars end, so he moved to San Francisco in 1947, where he primarily painted portraits. Norblin committed suicide in 1952 after being diagnosed with glaucoma.


Gaston Noury   1866-?
French, b. Le Havre

Noury was already working as a natural history illustrator when he moved to Paris in 1889. There he found work as a painter, costume designer, and Illustrator for a number of newspapers. He also designed a number of posters and began working on postcards in 1898.


Jenny Eugenia Nyström   1854-1946
Swedish, b. Kalmar

Nyström began her eight years of study at the Royal Swedish Academy in 1873. After winning the Royal Medal in 1882 she used the cash prize to move to Paris where she continued to study painting at the Colarossi and Julian Academies. While there she exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1884. In Paris she also discovered the new phenomena of the postcard but upon her return to Sweden in 1886 she could not interest anyone in publishing her work in this format. The following year she married a medical student, Daniel Stoopendaal. He unfortunately contracted tuberculosis and could not complete his studies, so Jenny turned to more commercial pursuits to support them. She became a prolific illustrator of books, magazines, calendars, and eventually hundreds of postcards, while her husband managed her affairs. Many of these images on greetings and holiday cards capture rural life in Sweden. While she did not embrace a single method of representation, many of her cards were drawn in a highly graphic style. She is often accredited of making the connection between elves and Santa Claus through her depictions of Swedish Gnomes on Christmas cards. Her Son, Curt also became a postcard artist.

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